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Best trees to grow in pots: 12 stunning ideas

24-10-2021 · The best trees to grow in pots. Many different trees can thrive in pots, so look beyond the local garden center for inspiration. If you want a low-maintenance planting scheme, then the best trees to grow in pots must be compatible with your local climate, and require minimal pruning.


Choosing the best trees to grow in pots will make the world of difference to your backyard ideas.

Potted evergreen trees are one of the most versatile container gardening ideas, enabling you to zone your patio and create a secluded seating area. Meanwhile, citrus and olive trees will lend an exotic flavor to a Mediterranean-style garden.

'There are many types of trees you can grow in pots and containers,' says small space gardening expert Emilly Barbosa Fernandes of Housegrail. 'They instantly brighten up any garden, and can become the main focal point.'

Another advantage of planting trees in pots is that you can control their soil type – perhaps growing an acid-loving tree in a chalky area, or creating free-draining conditions in a garden with heavy clay soil.

You can even grow species that wouldn't usually suit your climate, as smaller potted trees can be moved indoors over winter. Indeed, you could choose one of the best indoor trees to surround yourself with nature year round.

Potted trees on patio

The best trees to grow in pots

Many different trees can thrive in pots, so look beyond the local garden center for inspiration. 

If you want a low-maintenance planting scheme, then the best trees to grow in pots must be compatible with your local climate, and require minimal pruning.

Consider where you want the tree to be positioned in your garden, as whether it will sit in full sun or receive some shade will be a factor in which varieties will be suitable.

It's important to look at the maximum size of a tree species, and how many years it will take to reach maturity. Some trees are suited to pots for their whole life, while other slow-growing varieties can have a long pot life before needing to be eventually planted in the ground. 

Trees have hungry, thirsty roots, so container size is also key. Ensure you invest in a pot that's big enough for your chosen tree to flourish.

Remember that a tree planted in a pot will dry out more quickly than in the ground, and the smaller the pot size, the more often you will have to water it. 

1. Japanese maple tree

Japanese maple acer in pot in garden

Japanese maples – or acer palmatum – are ideal for smaller gardens, as they are slow growing and require minimal pruning or training.  They are also one of the best trees for autumn color.

‘With a variety of showy cascades in foliage and colors ranging from vibrant greens to deep blood reds, this is a showcase tree for container growing,’ says Tammy Sons, owner of Tennessee Nursery.

‘Japanese maple trees do not grow to extreme heights, seldom reaching over 15 feet. My favorite varieties are 'Crimson Queen' and 'Bloodgood', with their added attribute of spectacular fall foliage.’

Meanwhile, Lisa Tadewaldt, arborist and owner of Urban Forest Pro, particularly favors the dwarf maple 'Sharp's Pygmy'. ‘They can live in a pot for hundreds of years,' she says. 'You can ignore them or pamper them – either way they always look great. This is a favorite of serious bonsai artists, and what I personally have on my deck in pots.’

Position Japanese maples in a cool spot that receives some shade during the hottest part of the day, and water regularly in the summer.

2. Lemon tree

A lemon tree in a terracotta pot demonstrating the best trees for a small garden.

‘I always think there is something very romantic about a lemon tree growing in a pot,’ says Aaron Bertelsen, author of Grow Fruit & Vegetables in Pots. ‘Perhaps it is the way the scent of the blossom fills a room, or the knowledge that rich people in the past would build dedicated lemon houses to shelter their highly prized trees.’

While lemon trees make fantastic house plants during the winter, they can grow happily outdoors during the spring and summer. This is why planting them in pots is the best solution, so you can bring them indoors in frosty weather.

You can even learn how to grow lemon from seed, to surround yourself with these uplifting trees.

‘Lemons are hungry plants, so make sure you use a good, soil-based compost, adding some grit or sharp sand to improve drainage,’ adds Bertelsen, who recommends the Meyer variety as it flowers throughout the year.

Make sure you understand how to prune lemon trees to get the best out of them, and let them dry out between waterings.

3. Dwarf conifers

Sculptural conifer trees in pots next to patio seating area

Larger conifers are some of the best trees for privacy and screening in a backyard, but there are a number of smaller species that are perfect for pots.

Some recommended conifers to consider are dwarf varieties of cypress trees, yew trees, mountain pines, and Chinese juniper

‘They are not top-heavy and have an equal branch structure from the central leader to the top,’ says Sons. 

‘Evergreen conifers also offer year-round beauty and they can successfully be trimmed back in order for them to not overwhelm the container.’ 

4. Crape Myrtle

Crape myrtle Lagerstroemia indica 'Terre Chinoise'

Crape myrtle is a striking tree that offers year-round interest, and grows very well in pots.

‘This beautiful tree has large trumpet-shaped flowers that often have an orange tint to them,’ says Lindsey Hyland, founder of Urban Organic Yield. 'Crape myrtles also have good fall color, with attractive peeling bark. I love how the branches are always thick enough to handle being in pots.’

Choose from flowers of white, pink or purple, which bloom from late spring through summer. Some varieties flower until the first frost in fall.

Crape myrtle trees need full sun to thrive, and in frost-prone areas will need to be overwintered in a greenhouse or conservatory.

5. Bay tree

Front door flanked by bay trees in pots

As well as creating a sculptural feature, bay trees have wonderfully aromatic leaves that can be used in cooking fresh or dried.

Bay trees look particularly stunning in pairs flanking a doorway, or can be positioned next to seating areas on the patio. They thrive in containers and can be clipped into attractive ball or pyramid shapes.

‘A bay tree is very easy to look after, provided you give it a good sunny spot and feed it regularly,’ says Bertelsen. ‘Prune every spring, both to keep it at the size you want it and to reduce any congestion.’

It’s a good idea to repot bay trees every few years to keep them healthy and encourage fresh growth.

6. Banana tree

Banana tree in garden

Banana trees are some of the best trees to grow in pots if you want to add an exotic air to your patio. But bear in mind they are usually grown in the garden for their ornamental leaves, rather than for fruit, unless you live in a climate of at least 60ºF (15°C) for most of the year.

‘If you live in a cooler climate, then a banana tree still brings a taste of tropics to your landscaping,’ says Tadewaldt. ‘The growth of these trees is usually stunted by the colder weather enough that they can live in the pot for an extended period of time.'

Smaller varieties of banana tree are particularly well suited to climates with colder winters, as they can be brought inside and enjoyed as a houseplant. 

7. Rhododendron

Rhododendron arboreum var. roseum

As well as the popular shrubs, rhododendrons are also available in tree form – R. arboreum. Though after several decades they can eventually reach great heights of over 40 feet, they are slow-growing trees that will live happily for years in a pot.

‘I really like rhododendron – it is such a pretty flowering tree with red and white flowers in the summer,’ says Hyland. As an evergreen tree, it possesses attractive dark green leaves year round.

‘My favorite thing about it is its ability to thrive in stunted, acidic, or shallow soil conditions.’

8. Olive tree

Best trees to grow in pots - olive trees in pots in mediterranean-style outdoor living area

Adding Mediterranean flair to the garden, olive trees are perfectly suited to growing in containers, as they can be moved to safety during excessively cold winters.

‘Olive trees are not fond of winter, so make sure to cover them if you know a frost is coming,’ says Barbosa Fernandes.

‘They love warmth and sun, and they also do well in dry areas. However, they do need the right conditions to produce olives.’ 

In order for the trees to fruit, they will need two months with temperatures below 50°F (10°C), but above 14°F (-10°C), as well as fluctuation between day and night temperatures. Though self-fertile, olive trees benefit from cross pollination.

‘If you don’t have the right conditions to grow olives, don’t be too disappointed, as they’re such elegant evergreen trees,’ says Barbosa Fernandes. ‘Fertilize them in the spring for the best results.’

9. Wedding Cake Tree 

Wedding cake tree Cornus controversa 'Variegata'

Also known as Cornus controversa 'Variegata', the wedding cake tree is a variegated dogwood tree. 

‘The white in the leaves adds interest and it naturally grows in layers – like the layers of a cake, hence its name – and pruning will help to emphasize this form,’ says Tadewaldt.

However, regular pruning isn’t essential, and as the tree is slow-growing, it will live happily in its pot for a long time, as long as the soil is fertile. 

‘Eventually, however, this tree will outgrow the pot and need to be transplanted,’ adds Tadewaldt.

10. Apple tree

Apple trees prune

Smaller varieties of apple tree are perfect for growing in pots on the patio. Not only are varieties grown on dwarf rootstock usually quicker to fruit, but they are often better quality than larger trees.

When choosing a variety of apple tree, you need to consider pollination. ‘Self-fertile cultivars are available, although it’s generally recommended to have at least two different partner trees nearby for cross-pollination,' explains Period Living’s gardening expert Leigh Clapp.

'Opt for another variety of apple tree that flowers at the same time – the flowers of a crab apple will pollinate most apples.'

If you only have room for one apple tree, Red Falstaff is a great choice as it is heavy cropping and very hardy.

11. Starry magnolia

Starry magnolia

While most types of magnolia will grow too large to plant in pots, starry magnolia is a more compact, bushy tree that produces the most beautiful white, star-shaped flowers.

The tree flowers in the spring and exudes a delicate fragrance, adding a romantic air to a patio seating area.

Position starry magnolia in a sheltered spot, and plant in neutral to acid soil that is well drained.

When established, they are low maintenance, and require only mulching in spring and a light prune in the summer.

12. Kumquat

Kumquat tree in a pot in a garden

Citrus trees make for some of the best indoor trees, but you can grow them outside in the right climates. 

‘If you’ve never tried kumquat, then you most definitely should – you can eat the entire thing, skin and all,’ says Barbosa Fernandes. 

Producing small orange fruits and flowers that bloom in the summer, these compact  trees can be easily grown in pots, and are one of the hardiest citrus fruits.

‘Position them in full sun, and plant in moist, well-draining soil. However, you don’t need to worry about cross-pollination or cold weather killing it down to 18°F (-8°C),’ adds Barbosa Fernandes.

What trees can stay in pots?

Trees can stay in pots indefinitely if you can find a container large enough to accommodate their maximum mature size. Otherwise, you will need to plant them in the ground when they grow too large.

Opt for dwarf varieties of container-friendly trees, such as Japanese maples and small conifers. Bay trees, small citrus trees and olive trees are also good options.

Bear in mind that most trees will need potting on to a larger container every few years, when they have outgrown their pot.

What small trees grow well in pots outdoors?

Many small trees grow well in pots outdoors, but this will largely depend on your local climate. 

In warmer regions, for example, citrus trees can stay outside year round, but in regions that experience cold winter nights of below 50°F (10°C), they will need to be brought inside.

Japanese maple trees are excellent choices for pots in most climates, and can survive very cold winters where temperatures reach as low as -20°F (-28°C).

big apple crumb cake

07-10-2021 · Heat oven: To 325°F (165°C). Lightly coat an 8-inch square or 9-inch cake pan with butter or nonstick spray. For extra security, line it with parchment paper. Prepare apples: Toss apples with lemon juice, then cinnamon and sugar and set aside. Make crumbs: Whisk butter, sugars, cinnamon, and salt together until evenly mixed. Add flour and mix until it disappears.


This is the bouldered and dramatic intersection of two of my favorite things: cinnamon baked apples and a thick crumb cake. I don’t know how they make crumb cake where you are, but here in New York, and where I grew up in New Jersey, crumb cake isn’t a genteel cinnamon-ribboned or finely streusel-ed coffee cake, but a hefty square that’s 50% crumb topping and 50% a golden, sour cream-enriched cake and I wouldn’t want it any other way. Thanks to brown sugar and cinnamon, the crumb topping is always a dark stripe, and a snow-cap of powdered sugar isn’t optional. Fruit is, but this is too good with fresh apples to skip them.

new york applessplit, then coredwedgedtossed with cinnamon, sugar, lemon

For such a loud and attention-demanding cake (I’m still talking about cake, I think?), no delicate slice or dice of apples will do so I use here a full pound of thick wedges snugged so tightly they barely fit in their confines, an all-too-accurate New York real estate story. Squeezing your crumbs in small handfuls before breaking them over the apples created more boulder-like pieces. Baking this cake for almost an hour at a slightly lower temperature gives the apples enough time to get tender, their juices bubbling. Your kitchen will smell, at minimum, like a blissful epiphany of apples, brown sugar, and cinnamon, and at peak melodrama, the absolutely best decision we’ve made yet in October.

big crumbsthick battersour cream cakeapples on topcrumbs on applesbig apple crumb cake

I’m back! I’ve missed you. I never intended to take such a long break, or any at all, but I was pulled under by a vacation (too short), a manuscript deadline for my next book (too quick), and then the two-week photoshoot for it (100 recipes in 10 days, oh and btw, I’m the photographer) and when I emerged, because I only like sparkly new things, I didn’t want to share any of the recipes I already readied but new ones that had piqued my interest while I was buried. One of the things that’s different about SK, sometimes for the better but occasionally for the worse, is that there’s no editorial or recipe development staff and just one me, and life gets busy. But my central dedication to this space — which turns 15 this fall! — remains unchanged. Good luck ever getting rid of me for good. ;)


6 months ago: Lemon Potatoes and Sheet Pan Chow Mein
1 year ago: Whole Wheat Chocolate Oat Cookies and Simple Cauliflower Tacos
2 years ago: Chickpea and Kale Shakshuka
3 years ago: Crispy Spinach Pizza
4 years ago: Pizza Beans and Chocolate Tahini Challah Buns
5 years ago: Homemade Merguez with Herby Yogurt and Magic Apple Plum Cobbler
6 years ago: The Perfect Manhattan, Broccoli Cheddar Soup and S’more Cupcakes
7 years ago: Latke Waffles and The Crispy Egg
8 years ago: Frico Grilled Cheese Sandwiches
9 years ago: Crackly Banana Bread and Spaghetti with Broccoli Cream Pesto
10 years ago: Apple Pie Cookies
11 years ago: Single-Crust Apple and Plum Pie
12 years ago: Date Spice Loaf and Lebanese-Style Stuffed Eggplant
13 years ago: Summer’s Last Hurrah Panzanella, Sweet and Sour Glazed Cippoline, Majestic and Moist Honey Cake, and Best Challah (Egg Bread)
14 years ago: Red Velvet Cake, Noodle Kugel, Spaghetti Fideos with Chorizo and Almonds and Couscous and Feta-Stuffed Peppers
[Omg!] 15 years ago: Acorn Squash with Chile-Lime Vinaigrette

big apple crumb cake

Cakes with fresh chunks of fruit taste good on the first day and fantastic on the second day, when everything has a chance to settle. In this case, the topping adheres better on the second day. This doesn’t mean you shouldn’t make it as soon as possible, just that it will reward you for planning ahead.

  • 1 pound apples (3 medium or 2 large), peeled if you wish, cored, cut into 1/2-inch wedges
  • Juice of half a lemon
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 tablespoon granulated sugar
  • 1/2 cup (4 ounces or 115 grams) unsalted butter, melted
  • 1/3 cup (65 grams) light or dark brown sugar
  • 1/3 cup (65 grams) granulated sugar
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon kosher salt
  • 1 1/3 cups (175 grams) all-purpose flour
  • 6 tablespoons (85 grams) unsalted butter, softened
  • 1/2 cup (100 grams) granulated sugar
  • 1 large egg
  • 1/3 cup (80 grams) sour cream
  • 1 teaspoon (5 ml) vanilla extract
  • 1 cup (130 grams) all-purpose flour
  • 1 1/4 teaspoon baking powder
  • 3/4 teaspoon kosher salt
  • Powdered sugar, for dusting

Heat oven: To 325°F (165°C). Lightly coat an 8-inch square or 9-inch cake pan with butter or nonstick spray. For extra security, line it with parchment paper.

Prepare apples: Toss apples with lemon juice, then cinnamon and sugar and set aside.

Make crumbs: Whisk butter, sugars, cinnamon, and salt together until evenly mixed. Add flour and mix until it disappears. It’s going to be very thick; set it it aside.

Make cake: Beat butter with sugar until lightened and fluffy. Add egg, sour cream, and vanilla and beat until combined. Sprinkle surface of batter with with baking powder and salt, and beat well to combine. Add flour and mix only until it disappears.

Assemble: Scrape batter into prepared cake pan and smooth it flat. Arrange apples on cake, slightly overlapped. I usually fit all but 2 wedges; those are cook’s snacks. Pour any cinnamon-apple juices in bottom of bowl over apples. Sprinkle crumbs over apple slices. For bigger crumbs, squeeze the crumbs into small fistfuls and break these up into a couple bigger chunks over the cake.

Bake: Bake the cake until a toothpick inserted into the apples doesn’t hit any crisp spots and if you look closely, you’ll see juices bubbling around some apples, about 50 to 55 minutes.

Cool to room temperature, if you can bear it, before cutting into squares or wedges. Dust generously with powdered sugar.

Cake keeps at room temperature loosely covered (in an airtight container, the crumbs eventually soften) for 3 days or in the fridge, well-wrapped, for 6 days.

70 Incredibly Unique Coffee Tables You Can Buy!

03-12-2021 · There’s something so enchanting and amazing about this driftwood table that you can’t even take your eyes off of it. The intertwining shapes give it a unique and organic feel and will look great in any room. You can count that this coffee table base will definitely be a …


We treat coffee tables as a thing of necessity. It’s something you put in front of the sofa to be able to put your coffee cup, tv remote or book on and that’s the end of the story.

However, we sometimes forget that a coffee table can actually bring the whole room together, it can add some flare, accentuate the colors you want and overall surprise you with its functionality.

There are tons of unique coffee tables to choose from, Whether you are looking for unusual coffee tables, rustic, classy, contemporary or even retro ones, we’ve got you covered.

Cool & Unique Coffee Tables:

Here we have compiled our epic list of our favourite stylish and unique coffee tables that you will instantly want to put into your living room.

The question is, which one will you choose?

#1 Golden Branches Coffee Table

Glass Top Gold Twigs Coffee

This coffee table is so beautiful it kinda brings a tear to your eye, doesn’t it? But in all seriousness, the golden minimalist branches stacked together and uplifting the glass table top just make it look so elegant and pure. It would look especially good in a well-lit light room. Or in any room for that matter.

#2 Inception Coffee Table

Inception Coffee Table

Whatever your stance is on the movie Inception, you have to admit that it was and still is one of the most visually stunning movies out there. The city-bending scene was already enough to take your breath away. So when it comes to unique wood coffee tables you can’t go wrong with the Inception one.

#3 Twisted Iron Tree Root Coffee Table

Twisted Iron Tree Root Coffee Table

When searching for unique coffee tables you can not go wrong with the one like this. The intricate design of a tree root combined with the strength of iron gives it an almost magical image. You wouldn’t even be surprised to this table on the set of Game of Thrones.

#4 Seraphina White Lift-Top Coffee Table 

Seraphina White Lift-Top Coffee Table

This lift-top coffee table is a most incredible mix of appeal and function. The use of white makes it an instant eye catcher and enhances its contemporary look. The spacious storage space is icing on an already tasty cake.

#5 Woodsman Axe Coffee Table

Woodsman Axe Coffee Table

This is one of those weird coffee tables that is executed in such a beautiful and precise way that it kinda begins to make sense. Why not substitute the table’s legs with axes? It certainly makes this coffee table a star of any man cave living room. It would look great in a out-of-town cabin too or even a modern apartment. 

#6 Hemisphere Soho Table

Now this is definitely a fine example of what comes to mind when you think of unique round coffee tables. This handcrafted table is shaped like half of a sphere and looks incredibly rustic and modern at the same time. It will certainly add a certain charm to any room.

 #7 Midcentury Angular Table

With some cool coffee tables you never know whether they belong on a set of a 50s drama or in the newest IKEA catalog and that’s great. This coffee table combines both retro and modern vibes and its beautiful angular shape will look great in any minimalist room.

#8 Madilyn Coffee Table 

This ultra-modern coffee table uses a splendid work of contrasts – white and brown, wood and glass – to stimulate lots of visual interest. It is just the ideal size and adds the convenience of visible and hidden storage compartments.

#9 Crates Coffee Table

Crates Coffee Table

This one is for those of you who are looking for creative coffee tables that combine the looks with a pinch of ingenuity and a dash of organizing space. This rustic coffee table looks very unique and gives you every advantage in the space-saving department.

Why worry about about what color will look good in your room while browsing thousands of amazing coffee tables? Just go with this transparent one. It looks extremely cool and sleek, has side trays for keeping light reading there and will make you forget about the color theory rules.

#11 Parametric Spider Table

Parametric Spider Table

This is one of the most unique coffee tables for sale out there. Just look at its beautiful flowing shape that still remains geometric in the best practices of parametric design. If you want something more than a generic coffee table than this one will also serve you as a piece of art worthy of showing off.

#12 Wellington Coffee Table 

The top-notch sleek design of this contemporary piece is highlighted by the generous use of geometric appeal. The glass top allows for an impressive display and the material choice ensures impressive quality and durability.

#13 Lord Of The Rings Map Table

Lord Of The Rings Map Table

This cool coffee table will make any Lord Of The Rings fan squeal in delight and excitement as it features a map of Middle-Earth carved into it. It looks extremely awesome and beautiful. Now you can spend hours just studying this artistic map or settling geographical disputes with other fans of the franchise.

#14 Coffee Table Aquarium

Coffee Table Aquarium

Unique coffee table ideas usually entail combining a coffee table concept with something unexpected, like an aquarium, and it works out brilliantly. This coffee table comes with all the filters your fish might need and it will not even be disturbed that they’re living in a coffee table. Fish are like that.

#15 Africa Shaped Coffee Table

Africa Shaped Coffee Table

This beautiful three-legged coffee table is shaped like the continent of Africa and has been handcrafted with utmost precision and care. In fact, if you need any persuading that it’s more of a work of art than a table, just look at how amazing it looks when mounted on a wall.

#16 Whiskey Barrel Coffee Table With Storage

Whiskey Barrel Coffee Table With Storage

If you’re looking for unique coffee table,s then this is the right one for you. This coffee table is made out of an authentic reclaimed oak barrel and it will look extremely cool in a cabin or lodge in front of a fireplace. For colder evenings you can store a couple of blankets in it as well.

#17 Starlight Coffee Table 

Starlight Coffee Table

Simplicity is the name of the game on this highly creative and appealing coffee table. The star-inspired pattern creates a sense of sophistication and will give an instant facelift to your room of choice.

#18 Coffee Table With Pocket Drawers

Coffee Table With Pocket Drawers

This beautiful coffee table has pocket side drawers that allow you to keep whatever stuff you might need nearby. But even if it didn’t have those, you still have to admit that this coffee table itself looks extremely beautiful, especially the combination of light brown and chrome colors.

#19 Touchscreen Coffee Table

Touchscreen Coffee Table

If you’re constantly struggling with those small digital keyboards on most smartphone and tablets, then I feel you. But what would you say, if the answer to your problem was a digital coffee table? This one is bound to have the buttons large enough!

#20 Real Tree Root Coffee Table

Tree Stump Coffee Table

Speaking of tree roots, it’s been a leading trend in the unique coffee tables design and it really is understandable. There’s something captivating in such raw a rustic piece of interior that feels strong and solid. Combine it with a living room that predominantly features white and gray colors and you could easily be looking at an image in a catalog.

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#21 Jeddo Coffee Table 

Jeddo Coffee Table

Curves will never go out of style and their use on this coffee table creates a stunning effect. This combined with the innate elegance of chrome will brighten up your room and effortlessly cheer you up.

#22 Batman Coffee Table

You really thought we’d be talking about awesome coffee tables without mentioning Batman? Yeah, you would think that. But the moment this coffee table came into view it was obvious it had to be on the list. Do you think Batman has the same one in his Batcave?

#23 The Red Balloons Coffee Table

The Red Balloons Coffee Table

As far as unique glass coffee tables go, this one is the coolest and most adorable you have ever seen. The glass table top looks as if it’s being pushed off the ground by red balloons and it makes you instantly think of “Up!”, doesn’t it. Or you could just start humming 99 Red Balloons, whichever you prefer.

#24 Amboise Double Lift-top Coffee Table 

Amboise Double Lift-top Coffee Table

As if this solid wood table is not amazing enough by virtue of its impressive looks, it features an astounding amount of storage space. The lift top option offers unlimited possibilities for setting up multi-course dinners.

#25 LED Lighting Cube Coffee Table

If you’re looking for stylish coffee tables that will not also look great but will also have added functionality, then here it is. The design of this coffee table follows the recent trend of simple design combined with raw wood etched with resin. But it also features LED installation that can fill your room with beautiful colors at any time.

Lockheed Metal Coffee Table

This unique coffee table has been inspired by the same plane that Amelia Earhart was flying on her final flight. But even if you didn’t know that, you could come up with your own interpretation of this table’s design. It’s beautiful smooth shape and symmetry certainly make your imagination run wild.

#27 Beavin Coffee Table 

This is the ultimate statement piece for your living room. It is made out of hammered aluminum and polished to a fault to ensure instant eye appeal, making it an impressive focal point regardless of the room’s theme.

#28 Modern Swivel Coffee Table

Modern Swivel Coffee Table

If you’re looking for unique coffee tables that look sleek and modern and have some hidden functionality in them, then look at this one. This simple and elegant table consists of three levels and you can turn the top one to suit your needs.

#29 Koi Fish Mosaic Coffee Table

Creative coffee tables that feature mosaics are definitely bound to brighten up your room, no question there. This beautiful coffee table can be used both indoors and outdoors and can be customized to suit your needs. It will certainly look amazing in a garden.

#30 Selma Coffee Table 

This modernized look blends perfectly with your contemporary set up and is an instant magnet thanks to the X-bases. It features lots of space under the table top and uses a combination of wood and steel for top-tier aesthetics.

#31 Nintendo Controller Coffee Table

Looking for awesome coffee tables? Ow about this cool coffee table that is made to resemble the iconic Nintendo NES controller? So if you don’t want your coffee table to be boring and “just there” take the one that actually makes you happy and shows off your personality.

#32 Transforming Coffee Table

Transforming Coffee Table

Now this is one of those unique coffee tables that will be a true lifesaver in a small apartment. Apart from being a coffee table, it can also serve you as a desk or a dining table. Just transform it into one in two simple motions.

#33 Comic Book Coffee Table

Comic Book Coffee Table

If you’re a comic book fan you will certainly not be opposed to having a coffee table that features all your favorite scenes and events from your beloved issues. Unusual coffee tables are the ones you can read, right?

#34 Mccool Coffee Table 

Round Coffee Table Rustic

The best part about antique pieces is that they never go out of style thanks to their rustic allure. Inspired by a cabin charm, the outstanding piece arrests attention instantly and blends with any given background perfectly.

#35 Chocolate Mosaic Rustic Coffee Table

Chocolate Mosaic Rustic Coffee Table

Unique rustic coffee tables do not usually come equipped with beautiful mosaics but this one does. The table itself is made out of reclaimed that has marks and scratches for the antique look. The tiles used in the table have beautiful brown brown color mixed with golden flecks that instantly makes you think of chocolate.

#36 Audun Coffee Table 

The tempered glass top along with the stylish curved bottom makes it a sparkling addition to any space. It is both decorative and functional with a bottom shelf that could create an amazing display stage.

#37 Vintage Trunk Coffee Table

Vintage Trunk Coffee Table

This is one of those cool coffee tables that will look amazing no matter where you put it. It’s shaped like a vintage trunk and offers you storage space underneath the lid. No doubt, Newt Scamander would have loved this coffee table and kept some of his beasts in it.

#38 Cassette Coffee Table

Cassette Coffee Table

You probably did not expect funny coffee tables bring you a wave of nostalgia. But if you still remember what a cassette is and miss fiddling with it to rewind it, then you are going to love this coffee table.

#39 The Waffle Coffee Table

There’s no better food than breakfast food even when it serves as an inspiration for unusual coffee tables. Yes, technically this coffee table is inspired by an architectural concept of “waffle slab”, but we, mere mortals, are just going to daydream about warm yummy waffles while looking at this table.

#40 Pebble Coffee Table

Pebble Coffee Table

These unique coffee tables look both cute and elegant if that’s even possible. Shaped like a pebble this coffee table provides you with a lot of storage space underneath the table top. Such coffee table would look especially cool placed outdoors, which you can do thanks to its weather resistance.

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#41 Belafonte Coffee Table 

Belafonte Coffee Table

This cohesive design on the walnut table top and chrome legs create a sense of continuity that will enhance any living space. And with the discrete space underneath you never again need to lose the remote control.

#42 Kidney Shaped Driftwood Coffee Table

Kidney Shaped Driftwood Coffee Table

If you’re looking for beautiful coffee tables, then what can be more enticing than a raw twisted shape of driftwood combined with fragile glass? The polished dark wood of the base of this coffee table also adds some style to this piece and the kidney-shaped glass makes it stand out among usually round and square coffee tables.

#43 Polygonal Glass Coffee Table

You probably didn’t expect one piece of glass to serve as a coffee table. But in this case, the glass has been shaped into a polygonal and looks absolutely magnificent as a coffee table.

#44 Steampunk Coffee Table

Steampunk style can make everything unique, even simple coffee tables can suddenly become amazing coffee tables when made according to best practices of steampunk. This coffee table combines metal and glass. Illuminated together with an Edison light bulb they create a stunning picture worth admiring.

#45 Raccoon Coffee Table

Now, whatever your stance on raccoons is, you have to admit that this cute coffee table definitely benefits from looking like one. It just looks so adorable and fun that it will look great in any nursery or even living room. Plus, you get additional storage space and that’s always nice.

#46 The Azure Abyss Table

The Azure Abyss Table

This table is slightly bigger than other unique coffee tables that are on this list but it looks so incredibly beautiful that we couldn’t not include it. It looks as someone has managed to merge water and sand together into one coffee table creating a stunning piece of interior.

#47 Asymmetrical Tree Root Coffee Table

Asymmetrical Tree Root Coffee Table

What separates this beautiful coffee table from other similar tree root one is its uneven shape. It’s the Rorschach test of coffee tables and it’s absolutely stunning beginning with its shape and ending with its amazing colors.

#48 Masuda Nesting Coffee Tables 

Masuda Nesting Coffee Tables

Looking for space-saving furniture ideas with a timeless appeal? The Masuda nesting tables are simply perfect blending function and eye appeal in one outstandingly simple design that could suit virtually any space.

#49 Black And White Nintendo Pad Coffee Table

Black And White Nintendo Pad Coffee Table

If you’re not a fan of coffee tables that look wooden, but still want to have an awesome coffee table in your room, then here you go. This coffee table certainly brings in some color and will definitely put you in a gaming mood every time you walk past it.

#50 The Hammock Coffee Table

The Hammock Coffee Table

Yeah, it’s here only because of the cat. Kidding, kidding. The table itself is a simple and elegant piece of furniture that comes with a wicker hammock underneath the glass top. It can serve you as a shelf or as a new residence for your cat.

#51 Contemporary Oval Coffee Table

Contemporary Oval Coffee Table

If you’re looking for unusual coffee tables for sale aka reasonable price, then take a look at this one. It certainly does look unique and modern with its oval shape and interesting base. It will look extremely cool in a spacious living room.

Football Betting Coffee Table

This cool coffee table gives you an opportunity to place some bets on the game you’re watching with your buddies on the TV. The design of this table is reminiscent of the traditional craps table and it also comes with chips that make placing bets much more than simple words.

#53 Rustic Modern Storage Coffee Table

Rustic Modern Storage Coffee Table

If you want a coffee table that looks both modern and rustic, then how about this light wooden table. It looks sophisticated and simple but it also provides you with additional storage space when you lift the top of the table.

#54 Driftwood Coffee Table Base

Driftwood Coffee Table Base

There’s something so enchanting and amazing about this driftwood table that you can’t even take your eyes off of it. The intertwining shapes give it a unique and organic feel and will look great in any room. You can count that this coffee table base will definitely be a conversation starter.

#55 Horse Coffee Table

If you want an unusual coffee table that has more substance to it and less minimalism then maybe this horse coffee table will suit your tastes. Just look at this mighty stallion. It will certainly add some class to your living room.

#56 The River Coffee Table With Pebbles

It’s not often that you come across unique coffee tables that can as well be treated as a piece of art. But this one certainly looks extremely artistic and interesting as it combines several pieces of wood that together look as if a river has been running through it leaving behind pebbles and unique patterns.

#57 Square Rotating Oak Coffee Table

Christopher Knight Home Modernesque Rotating Coffee Table

At a first glance, this is a simple square coffee table that will look great in any living room. But it’s actually made out of three layers that you can rotate and use for keeping your tea or book nearby. It’s like having three tables in one.

#58 Stone Base Coffee Table

When you were searching for unusual coffee tables you probably did not expect something like this one. The boldness of this table kind of smacks you in the face. It’s a rough stone that has been somehow integrated into a coffee table and interestingly it looks mesmerizing.

#59 Windy Branches Coffee Table

Windy Branches Coffee Table

Even though it’s still this is one of those unique coffee tables that somehow look dynamic and full of motion. The strong shapes that the metal has been forged into make this coffee table look as if it’s made out of branches that battle relentlessly strong wind.

#60 The Kate Coffee Table 

The Kate Coffee Table

Rose gold is the new black and the Kate coffee table pushes this concept for all its worth. The unique abstract shape seems like a page out of nature and the choice of chrome makes it an awesome conversation piece.

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#61 Recycled Oil Drum Coffee Table

Recycled Oil Drum Coffee Table

In a million years you wouldn’t have guessed that one of the most unusual coffee tables here is actually a recycled oil drum. It’s full of beautiful imperfections and it looks absolutely stunning. Don’t worry, it’s also covered with food safe coating, so it will serve you well as a coffee table.

Ford Flathead Engine Coffee Table

If you love cars, then you’ll probably adore one of the most unique coffee tables such as this one. It features a Ford engine that has required tons of work to look as it does. The combination of metal and glass only adds more charm to this table.

#63 Belafonte by Wade Logan Coffee Table 

The mild mannered design on this table disguises an entire world of functionality underneath. Rotate the swivel top to take a peek into the conveniently compartmentalized sections that allow you to keep the room clutter-free with great ease.

#64 Circuit Board Coffee Table

Circuit Board Coffee Table

The design of one of the most unusual coffee tables has been inspired by a circuit board, but the true magic of this coffee table is in its functionality. It’s equipped with a bottle holder, a place for hanging wine glasses and even a vase and candle holder. So cool!

#65 Ayden Coffee Table

Ayden Coffee Table

Do not be fooled by the small size of this minimalistic coffee table; its rotating layered design provides more space than you would expect while at the same time giving it a unique appeal that makes quite a statement.

#66 Firearm Cabinet Coffee Table

Firearm Cabinet Coffee Table

Unique coffee tables are the ones that can surprise you and this one certainly has the capacity to do just that. Want to feel like a secret spy? Stash your firearms in this coffee table and you will definitely feel both safer and cooler.

#67 Pink Cypress Tree Trunk Coffee Table

Pink Cypress Tree Trunk Coffee Table

You might think of such unusual coffee tables made out of a tree trunk as odd or beautiful. It’s a matter of taste. But this one stands out thanks to the pinkish hue of the wood used in it and will certainly be an interesting addition to anyone’s living room.

#68 Ping Pong Coffee Table

This coffee table doesn’t only serve you as a, well, coffee table. The chalkboard surface allows you to draw on it with chalk. When you’re tired of drawing you can turn it into a ping pong table and isn’t that cool?

#69 Burled River Coffee Table 

River Coffee Table From Live Edge

This incredible coffee table is designed by passionate furniture maker Greg Klassen, it features a slab of solid mable with hand cut blue glass inlaid to represent a flowing river and polished off with a silky smooth finish, Stunning!  

#70 Sumo Wrestler Coffee Table

Sumo Wrestler Coffee Table - Unique coffee tables

Ok, so we had to include this sumo wrestler coffee table in our list of cool coffee tables because we feel that this is certainly unique.

EKNITEY Small Couch Side Table

Looking for a compact size of coffee table for not that big space? You will have the answer with this small couch side table. A C-Shaped table with side pocket will fit to your space. These four-wheeled walnut coffee table can be your favorite coffee table, or use this for working with laptop everywhere you want in your house. You want to make it stay still? Easy! Just change it into adjuster feet from the wheel. 

#72 Modern Minimalist Round Table with Storage

DEKOPRO Small Side Table with Storage

A coffee table with no storage like a latte with no sugar. The storage completes the table and it is useful for you to keep the room neat and clean. This round table with hidden storage inside will enhance the look of your living room. Not only space-saving, this table is lightweight as well, so you can move it to the room or spot you like!

#73 Seagrass Coffee Table

Round Coffee Table,RANDEFURN Seagrass Coffee Tables

Looking for something rustic touch in your house? Probably you need this coffee table. With Seagrass and Abaca plant fiber, this natural material will give a different look for your living room. A neutral color of the table, and sturdy material, it is one of the must have item for your house. 

#74 Toscano Stacked Book Coffee Table

Design Toscano Stacked Book Volumes Vintage Decor End Table with Glass Top

Finding a unique coffee table is like finding a needle in a haystack. Here we got you a rustic style table that will provide you the cozy feeling of drinking coffee while enjoying a light snack or reading a book in the afternoon. The stone and resin are beautifully carved to form a pile of old books that will offer a vintage vibe to your home. Its mini size is perfect for minimalist home décor.

#75 Rustic Wood Coffee Table

Elephance Round Coffee Table with Storage

Who doesn’t want multifunctionality when it comes to home furnishings? Surely such an item will be handy and save your money a lot! This rustic wood coffee table can be the right option for your interior décor. Additional storage under the table can store food jars, tissues, and magazines. Moreover, it has an elegant design with a touch of rustic wood grain pattern. Also,  the table is excellent as a focal point in your living room, thanks to its round shape.

#76 Black Marble Coffee Table

WOHOMO Black Marble Coffee Table

Are you one of those people who consider the shape of the table before buying? Looks like this table is for you. The combination of round and rectangle shapes is a great solution for those who often have difficulty choosing a table. 

It is made of marble, so you don’t need to worry about its durability. The black color that comes naturally from selected material gives the impression of chic and classic at the same time. Your coffee break can’t be more enjoyable than this.

What shape should my coffee table be?

It is best to have a rectangular or oval shape for your coffee table as it can fit any size of your room. Even a smaller room will look great when you choose to put one of them. 

What is the right size of a coffee table?

A perfect size for your coffee table should be two-thirds of the size of your sofa. At this arrangement, you will have an ideal look in your living room. 

I bet you can’t decide which unique coffee table you would choose for your own living room now, either way, I’m sure you can appreciate the funky and creative coffee table designs featured here and the work that has gone into creating them.

comment below what your favourites are and if you have any suggestions for the list please let us know.

Please share this post with friends and family that may Appreciate these unique coffee table designs. 

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The Best Gifts for Coffee Lovers Who Live For Caffeine ...

21-10-2021 · The Best Coffee Maker Gifts. ... An AeroPress and a Fellow Coffee AeroPress Attachment. An AeroPress is about as close as you can get to an espresso at home without a counter space-stealing ...


Coffee connoisseurs, enthusiasts, and drinkers alike will all appreciate the path of least resistance—and most pleasure—while brewing. But looking for the best gifts for coffee lovers in your life might be overwhelming. Espresso machine or old-school drip coffee maker? And on the topic of drip, Chemex or Hario? The options are as limitless as the variations to your coffee order. 

Read on for all of the best gift ideas from the coffee universe. I’ve rounded up everything from eye-catching mugs to the most high-tech gadgets, the best and freshest beans, and all the other accessories your lucky gift recipient needs to brew the perfect cup of coffee. 

The Best Espresso Machine Gifts

Breville Bambino Plus Espresso Machine

If you’re not quite sure if your friend or family member is a coffee snob or a complete beginner, consider the Breville Bambino Plus. This espresso machine is ideal for most levels of coffee knowledge. Serious pros might prefer a barista-level machine, but everyone else will love this easy-to-use, multi-functional espresso maker. It has a compact footprint to preserve precious countertop space, and with a little practice, your loved one will be pulling smooth, robust shots in no time. 

The Best Gift Ideas for Coffee on the Go

Kinto Tumbler 

Tokyo-based Kinto is known for its thoughtfully made, high-quality kitchenware, and this travel mug is no exception. Never fear a leaky lid or a too-hot-to-handle bottle again with this stainless steel, vacuum insulated bottle. It holds 17 ounces (more than enough room for a large Monday morning latte!), and it comes in six shades. The perfect gift for that friend who is trying to break their plastic Starbucks cup habit. 

Miir Coffee Canister

This compact coffee canister from Miir is ideal for the outdoors person in your life. It packs 12 ounces of coffee—plenty for a week’s worth of morning coffee while backpacking. It’s airtight and made of stainless steel with a BPA-free silicone gasket. 

The Best Coffee Grinder Gifts

Baratza Encore Conical Burr Coffee Grinder

Once coffee beans are ground, the oils in them start to dissipate. For the freshest cup, grind the beans at home using a conical burr coffee grinder, which carefully and precisely slices beans to your exact specifications. This Baratza is a favorite of coffee professionals and connoisseurs for its uniform grind size and high-quality construction. Yes, it’s pricey, but these machines last for decades, and the repair process—should you ever even need it—is notoriously smooth.

Timemore Manual Coffee Grinder

Some coffee drinkers might prefer going the old-school route and use a hand grinder. If so, the Timemore Manual Grinder is the perfect gift for them. It’s easy to use, powerful, and produces an incredibly even grind size for a manual device. Plus, it’s small enough to fit in a to-go kit alongside an AeroPress (more on that later) and a few servings of coffee grounds. 

The Best Coffee Subscription Gifts

Trade Coffee Subscription

While plenty of independent coffee roasters have subscription services now, Trade Coffee makes for an excellent gift because of the variety it provides. Gift a Trade coffee subscription, and your loved one will be able to choose from hundreds of bags of beans, all from small roasters across the U.S. The site has a handy quiz that will guide coffee aficionados and newbies alike through finding the best beans for their preferred brew method—whether that be a coffee maker, an espresso machine, a French press, a Hario pour-over, or more. Trade accounts for it. 

Your loved one will also be able to input information like preferred flavor profile and even coffee additions, like milk or sugar, before being led to a handful of goldilocks single origins and blends. Each bag is roasted fresh to order, and the company partners with roasters dedicated to fair trade purchasing practices. 

Counter Culture Coffee Subscription

15 Best Christmas Bar Cookies - Easy Holiday Cookie Bar ...

16-11-2021 · Sure, Christmas cookies are a lovely holiday tradition— the therapeutic act of baking, the intoxicating aromas, the Christmas cookie decorating, the swapping, the sharing, the devouring. But ...

shortbread squares on parchment paper


For many people, the best part of the holiday season is the delicious treats. At this point, most of us have probably tried all of the classic cakes, cookies and pies — but have your friends and family taken a bite out of some decadent Christmas bar cookies?

Sure, Christmas cookies are a lovely holiday tradition— the therapeutic act of baking, the intoxicating aromas, the Christmas cookie decorating, the swapping, the sharing, the devouring. But just in case this December is extra hectic and you’re worried about having the time to perfect those intricate cookie designs, Christmas bar cookies are the perfect solution. They look just as festive, your kitchen will still be full of those heavenly smells, and everyone (including yourself) will polish off a full tray in record time.

A bar cookie is a wonderful way to incorporate aspects of several desserts into one simple sheet pan bake. They combine all of the deliciousness of a cookie with the practicality of a box cake, while also incorporating your favorite holiday flavors like pumpkin, peppermint and pecan pie. All you have to do is bake one giant cookie in a baking pan and then cut it into bars or squares.

These sweet treats — which can be whipped up with seasonal ingredients, festive designs, and even yummy Christmas candy — are every bit as delicious as other holiday recipes, and are often easier to make. We rounded up the best Christmas cookie bar recipes for holiday baking without a pinch of added stress. And if you've got some more time on your hands, try one of our favorite traditional Christmas cake recipes.

11 of 15

Cherry-Ginger Hermit Bars

If you prefer spiced and fruity flavors in your holiday dessert, the citrus, dried cherries and candied ginger in these bars will make your mouth water.

Get the recipe from Woman's Day »

12 of 15

Coconut Lemon Bars with Marshmallow Frosting

Death Wish Coffee Review

19-11-2021 · Despite being the "world's strongest coffee," Death Wish coffee tastes robust, yet smooth. Buy at Amazon .43. ... but upon reading the actual brewing instructions, I …


Scouting Report: Death Wish Coffee is perfect for coffee lovers who enjoy the morning jolt their caffeinated beverage delivers.

With the holidays quickly approaching, my schedule is busier than ever. My morning coffee is one of my favorite daily rituals—especially on days where I know I have a lot to get done. Tis' the season for peppermint mochas and eggnog lattes, and while I love to indulge in a holiday coffee treat every once in a while, I’m the girl who prefers straight with enough caffeine to get me going and a splash of almond milk. If you also don't like your cup of joe weak, Death Wish Coffee will definitely hit the spot. On days when I’m feeling bold and need an extra kick to get through my to-do list, it’s the coffee I reach for.

Death Wish coffee brews with double the strength as other brands, meaning it has twice the caffeine—and yes, even for someone who has a high caffeine tolerance, like me. Offered in both dark and medium roasts, the beans are fair trade and USDA certified organic and you can buy them as individual coffee pods or a bag of grounds. I don’t usually opt for super bold coffee because it often tastes too bitter for my liking, but despite the extra caffeine, Death Wish coffee is always smooth and flavorful.

My bag of dark roast grounds boasts that it’s the “world’s strongest coffee," and I admit, the first time I brewed it, I was slightly underwhelmed. It didn’t have that bold flavor that the skull and crossbones suggested it would, but upon reading the actual brewing instructions, I realized my proportions were way off. It’s recommended to use 2 ½ tablespoons of coffee per six ounces of water and once I made a much smaller cup (I usually go for ten or twelve ounces) I got a much more robust cup of coffee.

Don’t let the skull and crossbones scare you away, Death Wish Coffee is a great cup of joe. They even have a holiday gingerbread flavor, aptly named gingerdead, for those who like their coffee to be extra festive this time of year. I know I’ll be sipping on Death Wish all season long.

Scouted selects products independently and prices reflect what was available at the time of publish. Sign up for our newsletter for more recommendations and check out our coupon site for more deals. If you buy something from our posts, we may earn a small commission.

© 2022 The Daily Beast Company LLC
Instant Coffee Maker Cyber Monday Deal

29-11-2021 · The Instant Pot Coffee Maker also has a wide range of brewing sizes, with everything from 2-ounce espresso shots to 12-ounce coffee cups (perfect for a travel mug you can take to work). If you ...

instant coffee maker cyber monday deal

Your morning brew is an essential part of the day. It can make all the difference when it comes to overcoming the morning (or even mid-day) slump. Whether you’re a one-cup kind of person or need a few mugs to keep you caffeinated throughout the day, capsule pods are arguably the most reliable and time-efficient way to make your coffee.

But if you’ve ever felt limited by a machine only equipped for Nespresso or K-Cups, this Instant Pot 2-Instin-1 coffee maker can handle both, to ultimately give you more options and variety when it comes to your cup of joe. From a small espresso with dessert to the classic black cup of coffee, this one-size-fits-all machine is equipped for any kind of brew. Instant 2-in-1 Multi-Function Coffee Maker

For a limited time, you can score this Multi-Function Coffee Maker for 30 percent off, bringing the price down from 0 to just 0. We recommend that you act fast—as the sale ends at 3:00 a.m. EST on November 30.

Unlike many capsule coffee makers, this pick allows you to make both coffee and espresso in one seamless machine, with adjustable brew strength to give you more control over your cup. The Instant Pot Coffee Maker also has a wide range of brewing sizes, with everything from 2-ounce espresso shots to 12-ounce coffee cups (perfect for a travel mug you can take to work). If you’re concerned about the waste from K-Cups and Nespresso pods, the machine also includes a reusable pod that you can pack with your own espresso or coffee grounds.

Looking for more deals to fuel your coffee addiction? Read here.

Get this Breville Barista Espresso Machine for 0 off / Amazon

Score this Nespresso Machine for 36 percent less / Amazon

Save 0 on this De’Longhi La Specialista Espresso Machine / Amazon

The Nespresso Creatista Plus Espresso Machine is 2 off now / Amazon

Get this classic BAYKA French Press for 32 percent off / Amazon

This JoyJolt Double Walled Espresso Cup is 43 percent off for Cyber Monday / Amazon

Coffee roasting

06-01-2022 · Some coffee drinkers even roast coffee at home as a hobby in order to both experiment with the flavor profile of the beans and ensure the freshest possible roasted coffee. The first recorded implements for roasting coffee beans were thin pans made from metal or porcelain, used in the 15th century in the Ottoman Empire and Greater Persia .

Transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products
Professional coffee roasting machine
The sound of a coffee roaster.

Roasting coffee transforms the chemical and physical properties of green coffee beans into roasted coffee products. The roasting process is what produces the characteristic flavor of coffee by causing the green coffee beans to change in taste. Unroasted beans contain similar if not higher levels of acids, protein, sugars, and caffeine as those that have been roasted, but lack the taste of roasted coffee beans due to the Maillard and other chemical reactions that occur during roasting.

The vast majority of coffee is roasted commercially on a large scale, but small-scale commercial roasting has grown significantly with the trend toward "single-origin" coffees served at specialty shops. Some coffee drinkers even roast coffee at home as a hobby in order to both experiment with the flavor profile of the beans and ensure the freshest possible roasted coffee.

The first recorded implements for roasting coffee beans were thin pans made from metal or porcelain, used in the 15th century in the Ottoman Empire and Greater Persia. In the 19th century, various patents were awarded in the U.S. and Europe for commercial roasters, to allow for large batches of coffee. In the 1950s just as instant coffee was becoming a popular coffee drink, speciality coffee-houses began opening to cater to the connoisseur, offering a more traditionally brewed beverage. In the 1970s, more speciality coffee houses were founded, ones that offered a variety of roasts and beans from around the world. In the 1980s and 1990s, the gourmet coffee industry experienced great growth. This trend continued into the 21st century.


15th-century coffee roasting pan and stirring spoon from Baghdad

The first known implements for roasting coffee beans were thin, circular, often perforated pans made from metal or porcelain, used in the 15th century in the Ottoman Empire and Greater Persia. This type of shallow, dished pan was equipped with a long handle so that it could be held over a brazier (a container of hot coals) until the coffee was roasted. The beans were stirred with a slender spoon. Only a small amount of beans could be heated at one time.[1] The first cylinder roaster with a crank to keep the beans in motion appeared in Cairo around 1650. It was made of metal, most commonly tinned copper or cast iron, and was held over a brazier or open fire. French, Dutch and Italian variations of this design quickly appeared. These proved popular over the next century in Europe, England and the American colonies.[2]

In the 19th century, various patents were awarded in the U.S. and Europe for commercial roasters, to allow for large batches of coffee. Nevertheless, home roasting continued to be popular. A man working at a commercial roasting plant beginning in the 1850s in St. Louis, Missouri, said that "selling roasted coffee was up-hill work, as everyone roasted coffee in the kitchen oven."[3] Appliances catering to the home roaster were developed; in 1849 a spherical coffee roaster was invented in Cincinnati, Ohio, for use on the top of a wood-fired kitchen stove, fitted into a burner opening. Green beans were available at the local general store, or even through mail order.[4] For roasting, many people used such simple methods as a layer of beans on a metal sheet in the oven, or beans stirred in a cast-iron skillet over a fire. Despite the wide popularity of home roasting, Burns felt that it would soon disappear because of the great strides made in commercial roasting in the 1860s and 1870s, including the benefits of the economies of scale. The commercial roaster inventions patented by Burns revolutionized the U.S. roasting industry,[5] much like the innovations of inventors in Emmerich am Rhein greatly advanced commercial coffee roasting in Germany.[6] As well, the 1864 marketing breakthrough of the Arbuckle Brothers in Philadelphia, introducing the convenient one-pound (0.45 kg) paper bag of roasted coffee, brought success and imitators.[7] From that time commercially roasted coffee grew in popularity until it gradually overtook home roasting during the 1900s in America.[4] In 1903 and 1906 the first electric roasters were patented in the U.S. and Germany, respectively; these commercial devices eliminated the problem of smoke or fuel vapor imparting a bad taste to the coffee.[8] In France, the home roaster did not yield to the commercial roaster until after the 1920s, especially in rural areas. Coffee was roasted to a dark color in small batches at home and by shopkeepers, using a variety of appliances including ones with a rotating cylinder of glass, sheet iron or wire mesh, and ones driven by hand, clockwork or electric motor. Because of the smoke and blowing chaff, country dwellers generally roasted outdoors.[9]

A hand-cranked wood stove top coffee roaster circa 1890–1910

In the 1950s just as instant coffee was becoming a popular coffee drink, speciality coffee-houses began opening to cater to the connoisseur, offering a more traditionally brewed beverage. In the 1970s, more speciality coffee houses were founded, ones that offered a variety of roasts and beans from around the world. In the 1980s and 1990s, the gourmet coffee industry experienced great growth.[10] Through the 1970s and 1980s, the Siemens Sirocco home roaster was made in West Germany and marketed globally. It was a small fluid-bed roaster made for the home enthusiast. The product was named after a commercial hot-air roasting process which itself was named after the hot Sahara winds called sirocco.[11] In 1976, chemical engineer Michael Sivetz patented a competing hot air design for manufacture in the U.S.; this became popular as an economical alternative. Sivetz called for the home roaster to focus on the quality of the bean.[12] From 1986 through 1999 there was a surge in the number of patents filed for home roasting appliances.[13] In the 1990s, more electric home roasting equipment became available, including drum roasters, and variations on the fluid-bed roaster. By 2001, gourmet coffee aficionados were using the internet to purchase green estate-grown beans for delivery by mail.[14]


The coffee-roasting process follows coffee processing and precedes coffee brewing. It consists essentially of sorting, roasting, cooling, and packaging but can also include grinding. Bags of green coffee beans are hand- or machine-opened, dumped into a hopper, and screened to remove debris. The green beans are then weighed and transferred manually, by belt, or pneumatic conveyor to storage hoppers. From the storage hoppers, the green beans are conveyed to the roaster.

Initially, the process is endothermic (absorbing heat), but at around 175 °C (347 °F) it becomes exothermic (giving off heat).[15] For the roaster, this means that the beans are heating themselves and an adjustment of the roaster's heat source might be required. At the end of the roasting cycle, the roasted beans are dumped from the roasting chamber and are typically cooled by air or water-quenching.

During the roasting process, coffee beans lose 15 to 18% of their mass due mainly to the loss of water but also to volatile compounds. Although the beans experience a weight loss, the size of the beans double during the roasting process due to the physical expansion caused by an increase in internal pressure from vaporized water.[16]

There are several traditional variations to coffee roasting in different parts of the world. For example, in Vietnam coffee is often coated with oil (traditionally clarified butter) and a small amount of sugar prior to roasting to produce a "butter roast". The roasting process results in an additional caramelized coating on the beans.[17]


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A Diedrich infrared, drum-based, coffee roaster

The most common roasting machines are of two basic types: drum and hot-air, although there are others including packed-bed, tangential and centrifugal roasters. Roasters can operate in either batch or continuous modes. Home roasters are also available.

Drum machines consist of horizontal rotating drums that tumble the green coffee beans in a heated environment. The heat source can be supplied by natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), electricity, or even wood. The most common employ indirectly heated drums where the heat source is under the drum. Direct-fired roasters are roasters in which a flame contacts the beans inside the drum; very few of these machines are still in operation.

Fluid bed or hot-air roasters force heated air through a screen or perforated plate under the coffee beans with sufficient force to lift the beans. Heat is transferred to the beans as they tumble and circulate within this fluidized bed.[citation needed]


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Window of a coffee-roasting shop in Monschau (Germany)
A magnified view of a roasted coffee bean showing some scorching and oil seepage.

Some coffee roasters use names for the various degrees of roast, such as "city roast" and "French roast", for the internal bean temperatures found during roasting. Recipes known as "roast profiles" indicate how to achieve flavor characteristics. Any number of factors may help a person determine the best profile to use, such as the coffee's origin, variety, processing method, moisture content, bean density, or desired flavor characteristics. A roast profile can be presented as a graph showing time on one axis and temperature on the other, which can be recorded manually or using computer software and data loggers linked to temperature probes inside various parts of the roaster.[18]

The most popular[according to whom?], but probably the least accurate[citation needed], method of determining the degree of roast is to judge the bean's color by eye (the exception to this is using a spectrophotometer to measure the ground coffee reflectance under infrared light and comparing it to standards such as the Agtron scale). As the coffee absorbs heat, the color shifts to yellow and then to increasingly darker shades of brown. During the later stages of roasting, oils appear on the surface of the bean. The roast will continue to darken until it is removed from the heat source. Coffee also darkens as it ages, making color alone a poor roast determinant[citation needed]. Most roasters use a combination of temperature, smell, color, and sound to monitor the roasting process.

There are two events called "cracks" that roasters listen for. At approximately 196 °C (385 °F), the coffee will emit a cracking sound. This point is referred to as "first crack," marking the beginnings of a very "light roast". At first crack, a large amount of the coffee's moisture has been evaporated and the beans will begin to increase in size. When the coffee reaches approximately 224 °C (435 °F), it emits a "second crack", this sound represents the structure of the coffee becoming brittle and fracturing as the bean continues to swell and enlarge from internal pressure. If the roast is allowed to progress further, it begins to take on the characteristics of the roasting process and loses the characteristics of the coffee's origin.

Lipids present inside the coffee seed liquify from heat and pressure built up in the bean. These lipids can often be seen on the bean surface. An oily coating is more prevalent with darker roasts.[19]

These images depict samples taken from the same batch of a typical Brazilian green coffee at various bean temperatures with their subjective roast names and descriptions.[20]

75 degrees green coffee.png 22 °C (72 °F), Green Beans

Green coffee as it arrives at the dock. The beans can be stored for approximately 12–18 months in a climate controlled environment before quality loss is noticeable.

330 degrees drying coffee.png 165 °C (329 °F), Drying Phase

During the drying phase the beans are undergoing an endothermic process until their moisture content is evaporated, noted as the yellowing phase.

Light Roast
385 degrees cinnamon roast coffee.png 196 °C (385 °F), Cinnamon Roast

A very light roast level which is immediately at first crack. Sweetness is underdeveloped, with prominent toasted grain, grassy flavors, and sharp acidity prominent.

400 degrees new england roast coffee.png 205 °C (401 °F), New England Roast

Moderate light brown, but still mottled in appearance. A preferred roast for some specialty roasters, highlights origin characteristics as well as complex acidity.

Medium Roast
410 degrees american roast coffee.png 210 °C (410 °F), American Roast

Medium light brown, developed during first crack. Acidity is slightly muted, but origin character is still preserved.

425 degrees city roast coffee.png 219 °C (426 °F), City Roast

Medium brown, common for most specialty coffee. Good for tasting origin character, although roast character is noticeable.

Dark Roast
440 degrees full city roast coffee.png 225 °C (437 °F), Full City Roast

Medium-dark brown with dry to tiny droplets or faint patches of oil, roast character is prominent. At the beginning of second crack, body is fully developed.[21]

450 degrees vienna roast coffee.png 230 °C (446 °F), Vienna Roast

Moderate dark brown with light surface oil, more bittersweet, caramel flavor, acidity muted. In the middle of second crack. Any origin characteristics have become eclipsed by roast at this level.

460 degrees french roast coffee.png 240 °C (464 °F), French Roast

Dark brown, shiny with oil, deep caramel undertones, acidity diminished. At the end of second crack. Roast character is dominant, little of the inherent aroma or flavors of the coffee remain.[22]

470 degrees italian roast coffee.png 245 °C (473 °F), Italian Roast

Nearly black and shiny, burnt tones become more distinct, acidity nearly eliminated, thin body.[23]


At lighter roasts, the coffee will exhibit more of its "origin character"—the flavors created by its variety, processing, altitude, soil content, and weather conditions in the location where it was grown.[24] As the beans darken to a deep brown, the origin flavors of the bean are eclipsed by the flavors created by the roasting process itself. At darker roasts, the "roast flavor" is so dominant that it can be difficult to distinguish the origin of the beans used in the roast.

Below, roast levels and their respective flavors are described. These are qualitative descriptions, and thus subjective.

Common roast names Notes Surface Flavor
Light Cinnamon Roast, American Roast, New England Roast, Half City Roast, Moderate-Light Roast After several minutes the beans pop or crack and visibly expand in size. This stage is called first crack. Dry Lighter-bodied, higher acidity, no obvious roast flavor. This level of roast is ideal for tasting the full origin character of the coffee.
Medium City roast, City Roast, Full City Roast After being developed through first crack, the coffee reaches these roast levels. Dry Sugars have been further caramelized, and acidity has been muted. This results in coffee with higher body, but some roast flavor imposed.
Dark Full City Roast, Italian Roast, Vienna Roast, French Roast After a few more minutes the beans begin popping again, and oils rise to the surface. This is called second crack. Shiny. The level of oil correlates to how far the coffee is taken past second crack. Bittersweet flavors are prominent, aromas and flavors of roast become clearly evident. Little origin character remains.

World Coffee Research, Kansas State University Sensory Analysis Center, and Texas A&M University worked to develop a sensory lexicon and accompanying flavor wheel to assist in accurately and consistently describing the sensory characteristics of a given coffee.

Caffeine levels are not significantly affected by the level of roast.[25][26] Caffeine remains stable up to 200 °C (392 °F) and completely decomposes around 285 °C (545 °F).[27] Given that roasting temperatures don't exceed 200 °C (392 °F) for long and rarely if ever reach 285 °C (545 °F), the caffeine content of a coffee is not likely changed much by the roasting process.[28]

Home roasting

Main article: Home roasting coffee

Home roasting is the process of roasting small batches of green coffee beans for personal consumption. Even after the turn of the 20th century, it was more common for at-home coffee drinkers to roast their coffee in their residence than it was to buy pre-roasted coffee. Later, home roasting faded in popularity with the rise of the commercial coffee roasting companies. In recent years home roasting of coffee has seen a revival.[29] In some cases there is an economic advantage, but primarily it is a means to achieve finer control over the quality and characteristics of the finished product.


Extending the shelf life of roasted coffee relies on maintaining an optimum environment to protect it from exposure to heat, oxygen, and light. Roasted coffee has an optimal typical shelf life of two weeks, and ground coffee about 15 minutes. Without some sort of preservation method, coffee becomes stale. The first large-scale preservation technique was vacuum packing in cans. However, because coffee emits CO2 after roasting, coffee to be vacuum-packed must be allowed to de-gas for several days before it is sealed. To allow more immediate packaging, pressurized canisters or foil-lined bags with pressure-relief valves can be used. Refrigeration and freezing retards the staling process. Roasted whole beans can be considered fresh for up to one month if kept cool.[citation needed] Once coffee is ground it is best used immediately.

Emissions and control

Particulate matter (PM), volatile organic compounds (VOC), organic acids, and combustion products are the principal emissions from coffee processing.[30] Several operations are sources of PM emissions, including the cleaning and destoning equipment, roaster, cooler, and instant coffee drying equipment. The roaster is the main source of gaseous pollutants, including alcohols, aldehydes, organic acids, and nitrogen and sulfur compounds. Because roasters are typically heated by combustion of natural gas, carbon monoxide (CO) and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions result from fuel combustion. Decaffeination and instant coffee extraction and drying operations may also be sources of small amounts of VOC. Emissions from the grinding and packaging operations typically are not vented to the atmosphere.

Particulate matter emissions from the roasting and cooling operations are typically ducted to cyclones before being emitted to the atmosphere. Gaseous emissions from roasting operations are typically ducted to a thermal oxidiser or thermal catalytic oxidiser following PM removal by a cyclone. Some facilities use the burners that heat the roaster as thermal oxidisers. However, separate thermal oxidisers are more efficient because the desired operating temperature is typically between 650–816 °C (1,202–1,501 °F), which is 93–260 °C (199–500 °F) more than the maximum temperature of most roasters. Some facilities use thermal catalytic oxidizers, which require lower operating temperatures to achieve control efficiencies that are equivalent to standard thermal oxidisers. Catalysts are also used to improve the control efficiency of systems in which the roaster exhaust is ducted to the burners that heat the roaster. Emissions from spray dryers are typically controlled by a cyclone followed by a wet scrubber.


  • Diedrich IR Series Coffee Roaster.

  • An old wood-fired coffee roaster.

  • A two-barrel coffee roaster for roasting coffee samples prior to purchasing or roasting green coffee beans.

  • An antique "Mignon" five-barrel test roasting machine.

  • The roasting room at a midsize coffee company.

See also

  • iconCoffee portal
  • Cooking portal
  • Drink portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Coffee roasting.
  • Coffee
  • Dry roasting
  • Home roasting coffee
  • Food grading
  • French press
  • Torrefacto


  1. ^ Ukers, William Harrison (1922). All About Coffee. Tea and Coffee Trade Journal Company. p. 615.
  2. ^ Ukers 1922, pp. 616–618
  3. ^ Ukers 1922, p. 631
  4. ^ a b Owen, Tom (November 2013). "The Home Roasting Tradition". Tiny Joy. Sweet Maria's Coffee: 1–2.
  5. ^ Ukers 1922, p. 634
  6. ^ Ukers 1922, pp. 638–639
  7. ^ Pendergrast, Mark (2010). Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World. Basic Books. p. 48. ISBN 978-0465024049.
  8. ^ Ukers 1922, p. 647
  9. ^ Ukers 1922, pp. 646, 678
  10. ^ Robertson, Carol (2010). The Little Book of Coffee Law. American Bar Association. p. 110. ISBN 978-1616327965.
  11. ^ Davids, 2003, p. 126.
  12. ^ Pendergrast 2010, p. 296.
  13. ^ Clarke, Ronald; Vitzthum, O. G. (2008). Coffee: Recent Developments. John Wiley & Sons. p. 104. ISBN 978-0470680216.
  14. ^ Sinnott, Kevin (2010). The Art and Craft of Coffee: An Enthusiast's Guide to Selecting, Roasting, and Brewing Exquisite Coffee. Quarry Books. pp. 42, 60. ISBN 978-1592535637.
  15. ^ Raemy A, Lambelet P. A calorimetric study of self-heating in coffee and chicory. Int J Food Sci & Tech, 1982;17(4):451–460.
  16. ^ Andrea Illy; Rinantonio Viani, eds. (2005). Espresso coffee : the science of quality (2nd ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic. ISBN 0-12-370371-9. OCLC 57592120.
  17. ^ Eckhardt, Robyn (November 6, 2009). "Asia's best coffee – Vietnam". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on April 27, 2015. Retrieved 2014-12-02.
  18. ^ "Coffee Roasts Guide". Archived from the original on 2016-09-26.
  19. ^ Espresso coffee : the science of quality. Andrea Illy, Rinantonio Viani (2nd ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier Academic. 2005. ISBN 0-12-370371-9. OCLC 57592120.CS1 maint: others (link)
  20. ^ "Glossary of Coffee and Espresso Terms". Coffee Review. Archived from the original on 2012-06-16. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  21. ^ Roast Magazine (2017). The book of roast. Portland, Oregon: JC Publishing, Inc. pp. 38–39. ISBN 9780998771700. OCLC 1006391141.
  22. ^ "Glossary of Coffee and Espresso Terms". Coffee Review. Archived from the original on 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2012-07-28.,
  23. ^ "Glossary of Coffee and Espresso Terms". Coffee Review. Archived from the original on 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-07-28.
  24. ^ Gene Spiller (9 October 1997). Caffeine. Los Altos, California, USA: SPHERA Foundation. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-8493-2647-9.
  25. ^ Tfouni, Silvia A. V.; Carreiro, Larissa B.; Teles, Camila R. A.; Furlani, Regina P. Z.; Cipolli, Katia M. V. A. B.; Camargo, Mônica C. R. (March 2014). "Caffeine and chlorogenic acids intake from coffee brew: influence of roasting degree and brewing procedure". International Journal of Food Science & Technology. 49 (3): 747–752. doi:10.1111/ijfs.12361.
  26. ^ Hečimović, Ivana; Belščak-Cvitanović, Ana; Horžić, Dunja; Komes, Draženka (December 2011). "Comparative study of polyphenols and caffeine in different coffee varieties affected by the degree of roasting". Food Chemistry. 129 (3): 991–1000. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.05.059. PMID 25212328.
  27. ^ Wang, Rui; Xue, Jingjing; Meng, Lei; Lee, Jin-Wook; Zhao, Zipeng; Sun, Pengyu; Cai, Le; Huang, Tianyi; Wang, Zhengxu; Wang, Zhao-Kui; Duan, Yu (June 2019). "Caffeine Improves the Performance and Thermal Stability of Perovskite Solar Cells". Joule. 3 (6): 1464–1477. doi:10.1016/j.joule.2019.04.005.
  28. ^ Wahyuni, N L E; Rispiandi, R; Hariyadi, T (2020-05-19). "Effect of bean maturity and roasting temperature on chemical content of robusta coffee". IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 830 (2): 022019. Bibcode:2020MS&E..830b2019W. doi:10.1088/1757-899X/830/2/022019. ISSN 1757-899X.
  29. ^ Davids, Kenneth. Home Coffee Roasting: Romance and Revival. St. Martin's Griffin; revised edition, November 2003. ISBN 978-0-312-31219-0
  30. ^ "9.13.2: Coffee Roasting" (PDF). AP-42: Compilation of Air Emissions Factors. EPA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2009-02-01.
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Inspirational and Motivational Quotes for Mondays

09-11-2021 · Motivation is BS. Don’t start with motivation. Don’t wait to feel like it. Start by doing. MEL ROBBINS. Monday is great if I can spend it in bed. I’m a man of simple pleasures, really. ARTHUR DARVILL. It always seems impossible until it is done. NELSON MANDELA (more Nelson Mandela quotes) GOTTA MAKE EVERY SINGLE DAY COUNT, NO MATTER WHAT ...


We know, weekends are great, whether you’re having fun with your friends or simply use the time to rest. But do we really have to hate Mondays that much?

Sure, it might be harder to start your engines on a Monday morning, but think of all the time you lose worrying that a new week is about to start when you should actually be happy about it. Instead of using Mondays as a reminder that the weekend has passed, use them to plan an awesome and productive week.

For an extra energy boost, check out our Monday motivation quotes. Let them to take off some of the pressure you might feel when your alarm goes off. And by all means, share them with everyone around you.

They say every day is a privilege so why treat this one differently? Monday is a new day, not a bad day. So roll your eyes as much as you want, but don’t be pessimistic and ruin your day before it even started.

Here are 100 Monday motivation quotes to start your day with enthusiasm:

Monday Motivation quotes

I’ve learned it’s important not to limit yourself. You can do whatever you really love to do, no matter what it is.


Hey, I know it’s Monday. But it’s also a new day and a new week. And in that lies a new opportunity for something special to happen.


Begin the week with momentum and you’ll look back with great satisfaction on all you achieved.


The sun himself is weak when he first rises; and gathers strength and courage as the day gets on.


Start where you are. Use what you have. Do what you can.


Your Monday morning thoughts set the tone for your whole week. See yourself getting stronger, and living a fulfilling, happier and healthier life.


Either you run the day or the day runs you.

JIM ROHN (more Jim Rohn quotes)

Each morning when I open my eyes I say to myself: I, not events, have the power to make me happy or unhappy today. I can choose which it shall be. Yesterday is dead, tomorrow hasn’t arrived yet. I have just one day, today, and I’m going to be happy in it.


When you start to do the things that you truly love, it wouldn’t matter whether it’s Monday or Friday; you would be so excited to wake up each morning to work on your passions.


You’ve got to get up every morning with determination if you’re going to go to bed with satisfaction.  


The best way to predict the future is to create it. Abraham Lincoln

If opportunity doesn’t knock, build a door.


This should be the spirit every Monday. Know that something good will always happen.

GABRIEL GARCÍ­A MÁRQUEZ (more Gabriel García Márquez)

Failure will never overtake me if my determination to succeed is strong enough.


The critical ingredient is getting off your butt and doing something. It’s as simple as that. A lot of people have ideas, but there are few who decide to do something about them now. Not tomorrow. Not next week. But today.


Mondays are the start of the workweek which offer new beginnings 52 times a year!


If you’re offered a seat on a rocket ship, don’t ask what seat! Just get on.


Morning is an important time of day, because how you spend your morning can often tell you what kind of day you are going to have.


What you get by achieving your goals is not as important as what you become by achieving your goals.


 Don’t Let Yesterday Take Up Too Much Of Today.


I attribute my success to this: I never gave or took any excuse.


I can’t imagine a person becoming a success who doesn’t give this game of life everything he’s got.


You may not realize it when it happens, but a kick in the teeth may be the best thing in the world for you.


Motivation is BS. Don’t start with motivation. Don’t wait to feel like it. Start by doing.


Monday is great if I can spend it in bed. I’m a man of simple pleasures, really.


It always seems impossible until it is done.

NELSON MANDELA (more Nelson Mandela quotes)



Try not. Do, or do not. There is no try.


May your coffee be strong and your Monday be short.


Motivation alone is not enough. If you have an idiot and you motivate him, now you have a motivated idiot.


It is never too late to be what you might have been.


Only put off until tomorrow what you are willing to die having left undone.


Failure is the condiment that gives success its flavor.


When we strive to become better than we are, everything around us becomes better, too.


‘The two most powerful warriors are patience and time.’ …so remember: great achievements take time, there is no overnight success. 


The road to success is always under construction.


Inspirational Monday quotes

Inspirational Monday quotes

Your regrets aren’t what you did, but what you didn’t do. So I take every opportunity.


In the morning, when you rise unwillingly, let this thought be present: I am rising to the work of a human being.


Just one small positive thought in the morning can change your whole day.


If not us, who? If not now, when?


The only way around is through.


We cannot direct the wind but we can adjust the sails.


Every day is different, and some days are better than others, but no matter how challenging the day, I get up and live it.


If you spend too much time thinking about a thing, you’ll never get it done.


When you arise in the morning think of what a privilege it is to be alive, to think, to enjoy, to love…


There is more to life than increasing its speed.


Light tomorrow with today.


Real change, enduring change, happens one step at a time.


Be so good they can’t ignore you.


Your best days are still out in front of you.


Nothing will work unless you do.

MAYA ANGELOU (more Maya Angelou quotes)

You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream.


Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try Again. Fail again. Fail better.


I never dreamed about success, I worked for it.


The most effective way to do is to do it.


Without continual growth and progress, such words as improvement, achievement, and success have no meaning.


Our greatest glory is not in never falling but in rising every time we fall.


Go as far as you can see; when you get there, you’ll be able to see further.


Action is the foundational key to all success.


Enthusiasm is the yeast that makes your hopes shine to the stars.


Don’t count the days, make the days count.


Great acts are made up of small deeds.


Life begins at the end of your comfort zone.


 How wonderful it is that nobody need wait a single moment before starting to improve the world.


Don’t brood. Get on with living and loving. You don’t have forever.


Start by doing what is necessary, then what is possible, and suddenly you are doing the impossible.


It takes but one positive thought when given a chance to survive and thrive to overpower an entire army of negative thoughts.


The future depends on what you do today.

MAHATMA GANDHI (more Mahatma Gandhi quotes)

The way to get started is to quit talking and begin doing. 

WALT DISNEY (more Walt Disney quotes)

There is a winner in you. You were created to be successful, to accomplish your goals, to leave your mark on this generation. You have greatness in you. The key is to get it out. 

JOEL OSTEEN (more Joel Osteen quotes)

You can’t use up creativity. The more you use, the more you have.


Stress is caused by being ‘here’ but wanting to be ‘there.’


It’s not the days in your life, but the life in your days that counts.


There are no shortcuts to any place worth going.


Monday Motivation quotes for work

Monday Motivation quotes for work

I find that the harder I work, the more luck I seem to have.

THOMAS JEFFERSON (more Thomas Jefferson quotes)

Do you think miners stand around all day talking about how hard it is to mine for coal? They do not. They simply dig.


Do the hard jobs first. The easy jobs will take care of themselves.

DALE CARNEGIE (more Dale Carnegie quotes)

The man who moves a mountain begins by carrying away small stones.


The best way to appreciate your job is to imagine yourself without one.


Whatever your life’s work is, do it well. A man should do his job so well that the living, the dead, and the unborn could do it no better.


Work to become, not to acquire.


Some people dream of success while others wake up and work.


The key i s not to prioritize what’s on your schedule, but to schedule your priorities.


Concentrate all your thoughts upon the work in hand. The sun’s rays do not burn until brought to a focus.

ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL (more Alexander Graham Bell quotes)

Done is better than perfect.


Things may come to those who wait, but only the things left by those who hustle.


What seems to us as bitter trials are often blessings in disguise.


Far and away the best prize that life offers is the chance to work hard at work worth doing. 


Monday motivational workout quotes

Monday motivational workout quotes

It’s hard to beat a person who never gives up.


We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.


You just can’t underestimate the power of showing up every single day and doing the work.


Motivation is what gets you started. Habit is what keeps you going.


Motivated people always find a way. Unmotivated people will always find a way not to.


It does not matter how slowly you go, so long as you do not stop.


Every strike brings me closer to the next home run.


Everything you want is on the other side of fear.


A year from now you may wish you had started today.


Don’t stop when you’re tired. Stop when you’re done.


What we fear of doing most is usually what we most need to do.


Don’t quit. Suffer now and live the rest of your life as a champion.

top motivational books Quotes
By Bryan Liquor
motivate teams Quotes
By Bryan Liquor
best success books Quotes
By Bryan Liquor
Wallpaper (computing)

14-12-2021 · An animated wallpaper using Wallpaper Engine on Windows 10 Animated backgrounds (sometimes referred to as live backgrounds or dynamic backgrounds ) refers to wallpapers which feature a moving image or a 2D / 3D scene as an operating system background rather than a static image, it may also refer to wallpapers being cycled in a playlist, often ...

Digital image used as a decorative background on a computer desktop
A computer screen showing a background wallpaper photo of the Palace of Versailles

A wallpaper or background (also known as a desktop wallpaper, desktop background, desktop picture or desktop image on computers) is a digital image (photo, drawing etc.) used as a decorative background of a graphical user interface on the screen of a computer, smartphone or other electronic device. On a computer, wallpapers are generally used on the desktop, while on a mobile phone they serve as the background for the home screen. Though most devices come with a default background image, modern devices usually allow users to manually change the background image.

The term "wallpaper" was used in Microsoft Windows before Windows XP (where it is called the "desktop background"), while macOS refers to it as "desktop picture". On older systems which allowed small repeated patterns to be set as background images, the term desktop pattern was used.


Original computer wallpaper pattern, as used in Xerox's Officetalk and Star

The X Window System was one of the earliest systems to include support for an arbitrary image as wallpaper via the xsetroot program, which at least as early as the X10R3 release in 1985 could tile the screen with any solid color or any binary-image X BitMap file. In 1989, a free software program called xgifroot was released that allowed an arbitrary color GIF image to be used as wallpaper, and in the same year the free xloadimage program was released which could display a variety of image formats (including color images in Sun Rasterfile format) as the desktop background. Subsequently, a number of programs were released that added wallpaper support for additional image formats and other features, such as the xpmroot program (released in 1993 as part of fvwm) and the xv software (released in 1994).

The original Macintosh operating system only allowed a selection of 8×8-pixel binary-image tiled patterns; the ability to use small color patterns was added in System 5 in 1987.[1]Mac OS 8 in 1997 was the first Macintosh version to include built-in support for using arbitrary images as desktop pictures, rather than small repeating patterns.[2]

Windows 3.0 in 1990 was the first version of Microsoft Windows to come with support for wallpaper customization, and used the term "wallpaper" for this feature.[3] Although Windows 3.0 only came with 7 small patterns (2 black-and-white and 5 16-color), the user could supply other images in the BMP file format with up to 8-bit color (although the system was theoretically capable of handling 24-bit color images, it did so by dithering them to an 8-bit palette)[4] to provide similar wallpaper features otherwise lacking in those systems. A wallpaper feature was added in a beta release of OS/2 2.0 in 1991.[5]

Due to the widespread use of personal computers, some wallpapers have become immensely recognizable and gained iconic cultural status. Bliss, the default wallpaper of Microsoft Windows XP has become the most viewed photograph of the 2000s.[6]

Animated backgrounds

An animated wallpaper using Wallpaper Engine on Windows 10

Animated backgrounds (sometimes referred to as live backgrounds or dynamic backgrounds) refers to wallpapers which feature a moving image or a 2D / 3D scene as an operating system background rather than a static image, it may also refer to wallpapers being cycled in a playlist, often with certain transition effects. Some operating systems, such as Android, provide native support for animated wallpapers.[7]



Modern Windows systems can be configured to cycle through pictures from a folder at regular intervals. Windows does not natively support animated backgrounds, however, third-party software can be installed to have full support for placing animated images, video files, 2D or 3D scenes, and web pages as wallpapers. Similar functionality could be found in the Active Desktop feature of Windows 98 and later versions.



Live wallpapers have been introduced in Android Eclair to provide native support for animated wallpapers. From a technical point of view, live wallpapers are software applications which provide a moving background image and may allow for user interaction or utilize other hardware and software features within the device (accelerometer, GPS, network access, etc.).[8]



macOS has built-in support, via the Desktop & Screen Saver panel in its System Preferences, for cycling through a folder collection of images on a timed interval or when logging in or waking from sleep. Since macOS Mojave, the user can also select a "Dynamic Desktop" that automatically updates to visually match the time of the day.[9]

Additionally, macOS has the native ability to run a screen saver on the desktop; in this configuration, the screen saver appears beneath the desktop icons in place of the system wallpaper. However, macOS does not come with a built-in interface to do this; it must be done through Terminal commands or various third-party applications.[10]


Dynamically animated backgrounds have also been introduced in iOS 7 and later versions, however they are restricted to the ones provided by Apple. Jailbroken iOS devices can download other dynamic backgrounds.

Linux / Unix


GNOME 2 also can be set to cycle through pictures from a folder at regular intervals, similarly to Windows 7.


KDE version 4 and later provide various dynamic wallpapers, including a slideshow, and other options provided by plugins, such as fractals and Earth map.


Enlightenment v17 supports image sequences, animated and interactive desktop backgrounds in its default configuration.

See also

  • Wallpaper group


  1. ^ Robert R. Wiggins, "All systems go. (Software Review) (System Tools 5.0 with MultiFinder.)", MacUser (1 March 1988)
  2. ^ Franklin N. Tessler, "Mac OS 8 arrives," Macworld (1 September 1997)
  3. ^ Gus Venditto, "Windows 3.0 brings icons, multitasking, and ends DOS's 640k program limit," PC Magazine (1 July 1990)
  4. ^ Charles Petzold, "Working with 24-bit color bitmaps for Windows," PC Magazine (10 September 1991)
  5. ^ Wendy Goldman, "New version may tiop scales in IBM's favor over DOS, Windows: A look at OS/2 2.0," Computer Reseller News (24 June 1991)
  6. ^ Sweeney, Cynthia (March 26, 2014). "Say goodbye to 'Bliss'". St. Helena Star. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
  7. ^ "Windows 10 Animated Wallpaper". 23 August 2021.
  8. ^ "Live Wallpapers (Technical Article)". Retrieved 5 November 2010.[dead link]
  9. ^ "macOS Mojave's dark mode makes late-night computing less painful". Engadget. Archived from the original on June 5, 2018. Retrieved June 6, 2018.
  10. ^ Set a Screen Saver as the Desktop Background | Terminal. Mac OS X Tips (2006-11-09). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
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