The Perfect Grind: Unveiling the Secrets of the Best Coffee Bean Grind Size

Table of contents

Discover the secret to brewing the perfect cup of coffee – it all starts with the best coffee bean grind size. Whether you're a coffee connoisseur or just looking to elevate your morning routine, understanding how grind size affects your brew is essential. From the importance of finding the right grind size to the best practices for achieving optimal extraction, this article delves into the fascinating world of coffee grounds. Get ready to unlock the key to a rich and flavorful cup that will delight your taste buds – because the best things in life are brewed to perfection!

How Does Coffee Grind Size Affect My Coffee?

The size of the coffee grounds has a direct impact on the flavor of your coffee. It affects how quickly the water extracts flavor from the grounds and how long the brewing process takes. Coarser grounds, which are larger, have less surface area compared to finely ground coffee. This means that water can flow more freely through them, and they don't release their flavor as quickly.

In contrast, finer grounds have a greater surface area, which slows down the flow of water. This is similar to how water flows through sand slower than it does over large rocks. Slower water flow means the grounds have more time to come into contact with the water, resulting in quicker extraction. This is why faster brewing methods are used for finer grounds. However, if the brewing continues for too long, the coffee becomes bitter.

You can also think of the brewing liquid as "digesting" the coffee grounds. Just like chewing and digesting larger, coarser pieces of food takes longer compared to smooth foods like ice cream, different grind sizes require different brew methods. All grind types have their perfect brewing method.

The Importance of Grind Size

grind size

Grind size plays a crucial role in determining the flavor and quality of your drip coffee. By understanding the relationship between grind size and coffee flavor, as well as the extraction process, you can optimize your coffee-making experience and enjoy the perfect cup every time.

Grind Size and Flavor

The grind size of your coffee beans directly impacts the flavor of your drip coffee. It is generally recommended to use a medium grind, similar to the consistency of sand, for drip coffee brewing. This ensures a balance of extracted flavors without resulting in a bitter or sour taste.

If the grind size is too coarse, you may end up with under-extracted coffee, which is weak and watery. On the other hand, if the grind size is too fine, you may experience over-extraction, resulting in a bitter and overpowering flavor. By experimenting with different grind sizes within the medium range, you can find the perfect balance that produces a rich and satisfying coffee flavor.

Extraction Process

The extraction process during brewing is greatly influenced by the grind size of your coffee beans. Finer grinds expose more surface area of the coffee bean, leading to faster extraction. However, an overly fine grind can cause over-extraction and result in a bitter taste.

A medium grind size allows for optimal extraction time, ensuring a balanced extraction of flavors from the coffee grounds. This prevents both over-extraction, which makes your coffee taste bitter, and under-extraction, which results in a weak and flat taste. For drip coffee brewers with flat-bottom filter baskets, a medium grind is ideal. For those with cone-shaped filter baskets, a slightly finer medium grind similar to table salt is recommended.

Understanding the importance of grind size when brewing drip coffee can make a significant difference in your coffee experience. By selecting the right grind size for your brewing method and carefully monitoring the extraction process, you can ensure that your coffee is nothing short of perfection.

Coffee Grind Chart

Each brewing method requires different sizes of coffee grounds. Here’s a coffee grinder chart showing the best coffee grinds to use for a French press, pour-over, siphon, stovetop espresso, and Turkish coffee maker.

coffee grind chart grosche

Here is a breakdown of different types of coffee grinds and their recommended use:

1. Grind for a French Press – Coarse Grind


Brewing coffee with a French Press requires a coarse grind. The coffee grounds should be somewhat chunky. The longer contact time between the water and coffee in the French Press necessitates a coarser grind.

2. Grind for a Pour Over – Medium-Coarse Grind

GROSCHE whole bean freshly roasted coffee beans, made to order fresh coffee, coffee beans for espresso, coffee beans for french press, coffee beans for pour over

For pour-over coffee, a medium-coarse grind is recommended. It should be similar in size to a French press grind but slightly smoother. If you are using a cone-shaped pour-over brewer, a medium-fine grind is suitable.

Keep in mind that the finer the grind, the less time the water should be in contact with the coffee.

3. Grind for a Siphon Coffee Maker - Medium

Siphon coffee requires a medium grind size, closer to the filter size but still slightly coarser. Siphon coffee makers usually use a cloth or metal filter, resulting in a full-bodied and clean cup of coffee. The grind should not be too fine to avoid clogging the filter, but not too big to ensure flavorful coffee.

4. Grind for an Espresso Machine or Stovetop Espresso Maker – Fine Grind

GROSCHE whole bean freshly roasted coffee beans, made to order fresh coffee, coffee beans for espresso, coffee beans for french press, coffee beans for pour over

For stovetop espresso makers, use a fine grind that is slightly coarser than the grind used for regular espresso machines. It should be similar in size and feel to sugar. The short brew time and pressure in stovetop espresso makers require a fine grind for optimal extraction.

Using a coarse grind with stovetop espresso makers will not allow the water to extract the flavor from the beans properly. Therefore, it is crucial to use fine coffee grinds for espresso brewing.

5. Grind for Turkish Coffee Maker - Extra Fine

GROSCHE whole bean freshly roasted coffee beans, made to order fresh coffee, coffee beans for espresso, coffee beans for french press, coffee beans for pour over

Turkish coffee requires an extra fine grind that resembles powdered sugar. It is even finer than what is used for espresso. The grinds need to be extremely fine, as some grinders may not even be suitable for Turkish coffee. When choosing a coffee grinder, make sure it has the appropriate settings for Turkish coffee if that is your preference.

Blade vs Burr Grinders

Before we proceed, a word of caution: if you've been using a blade grinder for your coffee beans, you've been making the most common coffee grinding mistake. Do NOT grind your coffee beans with a blade grinder. It's even worse than buying pre-ground coffee.

Why is it worse? Firstly, brewing a great cup of coffee requires consistency, and blade grinders cannot provide that consistency. The grounds they produce are of varying sizes, which leads to uneven extraction. Some grounds will be over-extracted, while others will be under-extracted, resulting in subpar coffee.

Blade grinders leave your grounds inconsistent, which makes brewing good coffee difficult. Even if you shake your blade grinder, you won't achieve 100% consistency. However, if you're stuck with a blade grinder, there are some hacks you can try to improve the grounds. But be prepared to put in some effort.

In addition to inconsistency, blade grinders generate heat and friction due to their high-speed spinning. This heat and friction negatively affect the taste of your coffee. By the time you brew the coffee, it's already heated up, resulting in a less fresh and overcooked taste.

On the other hand, burr grinders use uniform pressure and rotation to crush the beans into a consistent grind. They can achieve this at lower speeds, which prevents heat generation and allows for a precise and uniform grind.

To summarize:

- Choose a conical burr grinder, not a blade grinder.

- Blade grinders produce inconsistent grounds that make it difficult to brew good coffee.

- If you're stuck with a blade grinder, there are hacks to improve the grounds.

- Burr grinders provide a consistent and uniform grind without generating excess heat.

Why a Burr Grinder is Best

When it comes to burr grinders vs. blade grinders, there is a clear winner. But both options are available to beginner or avid coffee enthusiasts in their search for a coffee grinder. Let's start with the blade grinder, which is the lesser of the two.

Blade grinders work like food processors, using spinning blades to cut up the coffee beans into different sizes. The grind size is determined by the grinding time, with longer grinding resulting in finer grounds. However, there are two major reasons why you should reconsider using a blade grinder.

Firstly, blade grinders produce an inconsistent grind size since the blades only cut whatever they come into contact with. This inconsistency leads to both over-extraction and under-extraction of the coffee, resulting in a less-than-ideal flavor.

Secondly, blade grinders spin at high speeds, causing friction and heat. This heat affects the flavor of the coffee, making it less fresh and potentially overcooked.

On the other hand, burr grinders provide a more consistent grind. They consist of two discs (either conical or flat) with sharp teeth made from ceramic or stainless steel. The distance between the discs determines the grind size. The grinding time does not affect the grind size, making burr grinders more precise and consistent.

In summary, choose a burr grinder over a blade grinder for a more consistent and better-tasting coffee experience.

Types of Grinders

coffee grinder vintage

When it comes to grinding coffee beans, choosing the right grinder is essential for achieving the best flavor and aroma for your drip coffee. In this section, we will discuss the different types of grinders and the factors to consider when selecting one.

Burr Grinders vs Blade Grinders

There are two main types of coffee grinders: burr grinders and blade grinders. Burr grinders use two abrasive surfaces, often conical or flat, that rotate to crush the coffee beans into a consistent size. These grinders allow for adjustable grind settings and produce a more uniform grind, resulting in better-tasting coffee. On the other hand, blade grinders use spinning blades to chop the coffee beans, resulting in an inconsistent grind size. Burr grinders are generally recommended over blade grinders for better flavor and control.

Manual vs Electric Grinders

Coffee grinders can also be categorized as manual or electric. Manual grinders require physical effort to turn a hand crank that operates the grinding mechanism. They are usually more compact and portable, making them suitable for travel. Manual grinders offer more control over the grind size but can be time-consuming. Electric grinders, in contrast, use a motor to power the grinding mechanism, providing convenience and speed. However, electric grinders can generate heat during grinding, which may affect the coffee's flavor.

Materials: Ceramic and Stainless Steel

The grinding burrs in coffee grinders are typically made from either ceramic or stainless steel. Ceramic burrs are known for their durability and sharpness, maintaining their edge for a long time. They are less prone to heat generation, preserving the coffee's flavor. However, ceramic burrs can be more brittle and susceptible to breakage. Stainless steel burrs are tougher and more resistant to breakage, but they can dull more quickly and generate more heat. The choice between ceramic and stainless steel burrs depends on individual preferences and budget.

Coffee Grind Settings

grind settings

Understanding coffee grind settings is crucial for achieving the perfect cup of drip coffee. The size of the coffee grounds affects the extraction process and ultimately the flavor of the coffee. In this section, we will explore different key grind settings: Fine Grind, Medium Grind, Medium-fine Grind, and Coarse Grind.

Fine Grind

Fine grind coffee has a texture similar to powdered sugar or fine sand. It allows for quick extraction due to the increased surface area of the grounds. However, fine grind is not ideal for drip coffee as it may clog the filter and result in over-extraction, leading to a bitter or strong taste.

Medium Grind

Medium grind coffee has a texture similar to smooth sand. It strikes a balance between surface area and extraction time, making it suitable for drip coffee. The medium grind allows for even water flow and extracts the right amount of flavor for a well-balanced cup of coffee.

Medium-fine Grind

Medium-fine grind coffee is slightly coarser than fine grind, resembling granulated sugar. It increases the surface area for a slower and controlled flow of water. Medium-fine grind is suitable for pour-over coffee methods but may not be the best choice for drip coffee makers, as it may not provide the optimal extraction rate.

Coarse Grind

Coarse grind coffee has large, chunky grounds similar to sea salt. It has the least surface area among the different grinds, resulting in a longer extraction time. Coarse grind is best for cold brew and French press methods but is not recommended for drip coffee, as it may lead to under-extracted and weak flavors.

In conclusion, a medium grind setting is recommended for drip coffee, as it provides the ideal balance of extraction time and surface area. Adjust your coffee grinder to this setting for a delicious and satisfying cup of drip coffee.

Best Practices for Coffee Beans

coffee beans

When brewing drip coffee, using high-quality beans is essential for achieving a great-tasting cup. In this section, we will discuss the importance of fresh roasted beans, the differences between dark and light roasts, and proper storage methods for coffee beans.

Freshness of Roasted Beans

Freshly roasted coffee beans significantly impact the quality and flavor of your drip coffee. Coffee beans lose freshness and become stale when exposed to oxygen. As beans lose freshness, their flavors become less vibrant and their aromas less pronounced. To achieve a flavorful and aromatic cup of drip coffee, it is crucial to use beans that are no more than two weeks old from the roast date. It's best to purchase small quantities of beans to ensure optimal freshness.

Dark Roast vs Light Roast

The roast level of coffee beans is another factor to consider when selecting beans for drip coffee. Dark roast beans offer a bold and strong taste, while light roast beans provide more complex flavors and higher acidity. Medium roast beans strike a balance between the two, often offering a well-rounded flavor profile that suits most drip coffee brewing methods. The choice of roast depends on personal taste preferences, but a medium roast is generally recommended for capturing a wider range of flavors.

Storing Coffee Beans

Proper storage of coffee beans is crucial to preserving their freshness, flavor, and aroma. Beans should be stored in an airtight, opaque container to limit exposure to oxygen and light. Store the container in a cool and dry environment, away from sources of heat. Avoid storing beans in the refrigerator or freezer, as they can absorb unwanted odors and moisture. By using these storage methods, you can maintain the freshness and quality of your beans, resulting in better-tasting drip coffee.

Filters and Coffee Makers

coffee filters

The type of filter and coffee maker used in the brewing process can greatly impact the taste and quality of your coffee. In this section, we will discuss the differences between cone-shaped and flat-bottom filters and the various types of drip coffee makers available.

Cone-Shaped Filters vs Flat-bottom Filters

Cone-shaped and flat-bottom filters offer unique advantages during the brewing process. Cone-shaped filters tend to produce a richer and more complex cup of coffee. The water flows through the coffee grounds more slowly, resulting in a longer extraction time that can highlight distinct flavors and aromas.

On the other hand, flat-bottom filters require a coarser grind to prevent over-extraction, leading to a milder and less intense flavor profile. Flat-bottom filters provide even extraction as water is distributed uniformly over the coffee grounds. The choice between cone-shaped and flat-bottom filters depends on personal preference and desired flavor profile. For flat-bottom filters, use medium-ground coffee beans, while a medium-fine grind works best for cone-shaped filters.

Different Types of Drip Coffee Makers

There are various types of drip coffee makers available, each offering specific features and functionalities. Some common categories include:

- Automatic drip coffee makers: These machines heat water and pour it over the coffee grounds automatically. They can use either flat-bottom or cone-shaped filters, and many utilize paper filters, though some models use gold or plastic permanent filters.

- Pour-over coffee makers: These require manually adding hot water over coffee grounds housed in a cone-shaped filter. Pour-over coffee makers allow for greater control over brewing factors such as water temperature and pouring technique, resulting in a more customized flavor profile.

- Single-serve drip coffee makers: Ideal for those who want a quick, single cup of coffee, these machines use pre-ground coffee pods or cups to brew individual servings. Many single-serve coffee makers are compact and convenient for smaller spaces or on-the-go use.

In addition to the filter type and grind size, it is important to consider the unique features of the coffee maker itself to achieve the best results in brewing drip coffee.

Common Grind Issues and Solutions

ground coffee

When it comes to brewing drip coffee, the size of the grind is very important. It affects the extraction process, which directly impacts the taste and quality of your coffee. In this section, we will discuss common problems with the grind, such as over-extraction, under-extraction, and inconsistent grinds. We will also provide solutions and alternative methods for grinding.

Over-Extraction and Under-Extraction

The size of the grind is crucial for proper extraction. When the grind is too fine, the water extracts too much flavor too quickly, resulting in a bitter and hollow taste. This is known as over-extraction. On the other hand, when the grind is too coarse, the water does not extract enough flavor, resulting in a weak and acidic taste. This is known as under-extraction.

To avoid these issues, it is recommended to use a medium grind size for drip coffee. This allows the water to pass through the coffee at an optimal pace, resulting in a well-balanced and flavorful cup of coffee.

Fixing Inconsistent Grinds

Inconsistent grinds can affect the extraction process and alter the taste of your coffee. To achieve a more uniform grind size, it is important to use a high-quality grinder. Regular cleaning and maintenance of the grinder are also necessary to prevent leftover grounds and oils from affecting future brews. Avoid using soap or cleaning agents; instead, wipe the grinder with a damp or dry cloth or use an old brush to clean stubborn remnants.

Alternative Grinding Methods

If you need alternative grinding methods, you can use a food processor or blender to grind your coffee beans. However, it is important to note that these appliances may not produce the desired medium grind size ideal for drip coffee. Using them may result in inconsistent and uneven grinds, which can lead to over- or under-extraction and affect the taste of your coffee.

Overall, understanding common grind issues, their solutions, and alternative grinding methods will help you consistently brew a delicious cup of drip coffee.

brewing methods

When it comes to brewing coffee, there are several popular methods that people commonly use. These methods differ in terms of grind size, brewing time, and technique, resulting in varying flavors and strengths. In this section, we will explore different brewing methods such as French Press, Moka Pot, Aeropress, Espresso, Cold Brew, Siphon Brewers, and Keurig.

French Press

The French Press is a popular manual brewing method that uses a coarse grind. It involves steeping coffee grounds in hot water for several minutes before separating the grounds from the liquid. This method produces a full-bodied and richly flavored coffee.

Moka Pot

Moka Pot brewing uses a stovetop pot with two chambers. The bottom chamber holds water, while the upper chamber holds the coffee grounds. As the water heats, pressure forces it through the grounds and into the upper chamber, producing a strong and bold coffee similar to espresso.


The Aeropress is a portable brewing device that combines pressure and immersion brewing. It uses a fine to medium grind size and a short brewing time. The coffee is extracted by pressing the water through the grounds, resulting in a smooth and slightly concentrated cup of coffee.


Espresso brewing requires a fine grind and utilizes an espresso machine to force hot water through the coffee grounds under high pressure. This method produces a concentrated and intense shot of coffee, often used as the base for various coffee beverages like cappuccinos and lattes.

Cold Brew

Cold Brew is made by steeping coarse coffee grounds in cold water for an extended period, usually 12-24 hours. This brewing method extracts flavors slowly and results in a smooth, low-acidity, and naturally sweet coffee concentrate that can be diluted with water or milk and served over ice.

Siphon Brewers

Siphon Brewers, also known as vacuum pot brewers, use a combination of immersion and vacuum brewing. The coffee grounds are placed in an upper chamber above a lower chamber of heated water. As the water heats up, it rises into the upper chamber, where it brews with the coffee grounds. When removed from the heat, the brewed coffee is pulled back into the lower chamber through a filter, producing a clean and smooth cup of coffee.


Keurig coffee makers use pre-packaged K-cups containing pre-ground coffee and a built-in paper filter. The machine heats water and forces it through the K-cup, extracting the coffee into the user's mug, making it an easy and convenient brewing option. The grind size for Keurig machines is typically medium.

Brewing Time and Contact

drip coffee

Understanding the brewing time and contact of coffee grounds with water are essential factors when making the perfect cup of drip coffee. It is crucial to achieve the right balance, as this directly impacts the extraction rate and flavor of the coffee.

Water-to-Coffee Ratio

Having the appropriate water-to-coffee ratio is key to creating a well-balanced cup of drip coffee. Generally, a ratio of 1:15 or 1:16 (one part coffee to 15 or 16 parts water) is recommended for drip coffee. However, it may vary depending on personal taste and the type of coffee beans used. Using a digital scale can help ensure consistency in measuring the right amounts of coffee and water.


The temperature of the water plays a significant role in the extraction process. For drip coffee, the ideal water temperature ranges between 195°F and 205°F (90-96°C). Water that is too hot may over-extract the coffee grounds, resulting in a bitter taste, while water that is too cold may under-extract the grounds, leading to a weak or sour flavor.


While pressure is not as critical in drip coffee as it is in espresso, it is still a factor to consider. Drip coffee mainly relies on gravity for water flow, but some machines operate with a mild pressure to enhance the brewing process. The key is to maintain a consistent and gentle flow of water through the coffee grounds.

When it comes to brewing time and contact, drip coffee makers and pour-over methods typically take anywhere between 3 and 10 minutes to complete a brewing cycle. A contact time of approximately 5 minutes is recommended for drip coffee systems. Longer contact times may result in over-extraction, while shorter contact times can lead to under-extraction. Ensuring the right brewing time will help you achieve a smooth, flavorful cup of drip coffee with a balanced extraction rate.

Best Types of Ground Coffee for Different Brew Methods

Extra Coarse Grind

The coarsest grind of coffee requires the longest brewing methods to extract flavor. Cold brew, which can take several days, is the most common use of this grind. It can also be used for Larry's Cowboy Blend. This rustic method involves pouring boiling water over coffee grounds and waiting for them to sink to the bottom before carefully pouring out a cup.

Coarse Grind

Coarse grind is popular as it is commonly used in French press coffee. Not only does this longer brewing time help with extraction, but the larger grinds will also not slip through the mesh strainer used in this method.


Coarse and medium-coarse can sometimes be interchangeable for certain brew methods. Medium-coarse can, for instance, be used for French press. However, you may need to be more mindful of any grounds that slip through the metal mesh. Drip coffee and Percolator method also use this type of grind.


Your single-cup brewers typically use this grind along with most pour-over brewers. Syphon coffee makers and Aeropress brewers that require a 3-minute brewing time also use a medium grind.


Again, you can often use medium and medium-fine interchangeably. This grind is also good for Aeropress, but the brew time should be reduced to 2 minutes.


Aeropress with a 1-minute brew time along with standard home espresso machines and stove-top (Moka pot) espresso machines use a fine grind.

Extra Fine

While extra fine is sometimes used for espresso, its best use is with Turkish coffee. This unique brewing method involves heating the flour-like grounds with water until they create a homogeneous mixture.

Optimal Grind Size for Drip Coffee

coffee filter glass

Drip coffee has gained popularity for its convenience and ability to produce great-tasting coffee. To achieve the perfect brew, determining the ideal grind size is essential. In this section, we will provide a detailed discussion on the optimal grind size for drip coffee, along with factors affecting the grind size.

Comparable to Table Salt

For drip coffee, it is generally recommended to use a medium to medium-fine grind size. This consistency can be compared to regular table salt or sand. A medium grind works well for flat-bottom filter baskets and provides even extraction, resulting in a balanced and flavorful cup of coffee. For cone-shaped filter baskets, a medium-fine grind size ensures a slightly faster brew while maintaining an optimal taste profile.

Factors Affecting Grind Size

While the aforementioned guidelines provide a good starting point, it is important to acknowledge that various factors may influence the ideal grind size for drip coffee. These factors include:

  • Coffee bean origin: Different coffee beans have unique flavor profiles, and the optimal grind size may vary based on the origin and roast level of the beans. Experimenting with grind size for beans from different regions can lead to the perfect extraction for each type.
  • Brewing method: Drip coffee makers can vary in design, such as having a flat-bottom or cone-shaped filter basket. As mentioned earlier, a medium grind size is recommended for flat-bottom filters, while a medium-fine grind suits cone-shaped filters. Adjusting the grind based on your brewing equipment ensures an optimal extraction process.
  • Personal Taste: Preferences for coffee strength and flavor can differ among individuals. Some may prefer a stronger, more concentrated coffee with a finer grind, while others may enjoy a lighter, smoother cup resulting from a coarser grind. Experimenting with different grind sizes allows you to find your personal preference.

Understanding the optimal grind size for drip coffee, combined with considering various factors that can influence the size, enables coffee enthusiasts to enjoy the best possible cup of coffee every time. Remember that the key is to experiment with grind sizes based on the coffee beans and brewing method used, keeping in mind that the best grind size for drip coffee lies within the medium to medium-fine range.

Best Grind Size for Turkish Coffee

Turkish Coffee Grinds

Turkish coffee is ground into a fine powder that is not filtered out of the cup.

The finest grinding is used for Turkish Coffee. Call it extra fine, extremely fine. In fact, when making Turkish coffee the finer the grind the better. It should be almost as fine as baby powder.

A Brief History of Turkish Coffee

Like many of you, I really enjoy a great espresso but I also appreciate the finer things in life. More finely ground that is. If you’re willing to take a step out of your normal range and try a finer beverage, a good place to start is with Turkish coffee.

Read Article

Best Grind Size for Espresso and Moka Pots

Espresso and Moka Pot Grinds

Espresso needs to be precisely ground to slow down the incoming water while still allowing it to flow evenly.

For espresso and Moka pots, you want a fine grind. A good starting point is something just a little finer than granulated sugar. Grind size for espresso is perhaps the most critical of all the brewing methods. Tiny changes in grind size make for big changes when pulling shots. And that’s why espresso lovers are very particular about their grinders.

Best Grind Size for French Press

French Press Coffee Grinds

French press grinds are steeped like tea and need to be coarse so they won't pass through the filter screen.

For French press coffee, you need a coarse grind. What you’re looking for is something close to or a little smaller than coarse salt in particle size.

Best Grind Size for Cold Brew and Cold Press

Cold Brew Grinds

Cold Brew grinds can be extra coarse as they need to be steeped for up to 24 hours in cold water.

For cold brew, you need an extra coarse grind. This is because the coffee is in contact with water for a long time, so a coarse grind is necessary to avoid over-extraction.

Final Thoughts

A couple of final thoughts on getting the best possible grind: always grind as close to brewing as possible, and invest in a quality burr grinder. Stay away from blade grinders as they can result in uneven extractions and poor flavor. The right grind size is crucial for the perfect cup of coffee.

What Happens When You Use the Wrong Coffee Grind Size?

We know that coarse grinds are best for long brewing methods and fine grinds are better for shorter brewing methods, but what happens if you mix them up?


When you use a fine grind in a longer brewing process, such as a French press, you will get over-extraction. This means that the brewing water has extracted too much flavor from the coffee, resulting in a bitter brew.


This usually occurs when you use a coarse ground coffee in a fast brewing method. The resulting brew will be sour and will not have enough flavor.

To correct bitter coffee, you can try a different, shorter brewing method if you still have fine grounds leftover. To correct sour coffee, you may be able to add a stronger batch of coffee, but it is often better to use a slower brewing method with your coarse grounds next time.

The Relationship Between Coffee Grounds and Over/Under Extracted Coffee

Do not skip this section.

Understanding coffee extraction is critical for brewing great-tasting coffee. The grind size plays a significant role in extraction, and using the wrong size can result in under or over-extracted coffee.


When the grounds are too coarse, the water cannot extract enough flavor from them. This leads to a sour and weak cup of coffee.


When the grounds are too fine, the water extracts too much flavor too quickly. This results in a bitter and hollow tasting cup of coffee.

To achieve the perfect extraction, it is important to use the appropriate grind size for your brewing method. Adjusting the brew time, water temperature, and grind size can help you avoid under or over-extraction and brew a delicious cup of coffee.

Perfect grounds equal great coffee

The coffee grinder is a crucial tool in the coffee brewing process. The quality and consistency of the grind greatly impact the flavor of the coffee. Grind size controls the extraction, so it is important to choose the right size for your brewing method.

Coarse Grind

A coarse grind is used for long brewing methods such as cold brew. It allows for a longer extraction time, resulting in a smooth and flavorful cup of coffee.


Medium-coarse grinds are suitable for French press and pour-over brewers. They provide a balanced extraction and a rich taste.


Medium grinds are commonly used in single-cup and pour-over brewers. They result in a well-rounded and aromatic cup of coffee.


Medium-fine grinds can be used interchangeably with medium grinds for methods such as pour-over. They provide a slightly faster brew time and a more concentrated flavor.


Fine grinds are ideal for espresso and Moka pot brewing. They allow for a slower extraction and produce a strong and intense cup of coffee.

Extra Fine

Extra fine grinds are best for Turkish coffee. They create a fine powder that is not filtered, resulting in a unique and flavorful brew.

It is important to grind your coffee just before brewing to ensure freshness. Invest in a quality burr grinder to achieve consistent and precise grinds. Avoid blade grinders, as they can result in uneven particle sizes and affect the extraction process.

By understanding grind sizes and choosing the right one for your brewing method, you can brew the best tasting coffee every time. Don't underestimate the importance of the grind in achieving a perfect cup of coffee.

In conclusion, the grind size of coffee beans plays a crucial role in determining the flavor and quality of your brew. From the importance of grind size to the types of grinders and popular brewing methods, we have explored the world of coffee grind size in depth. Whether you prefer a drip coffee, espresso, French press, or cold brew, finding the optimal grind size is key to extracting the best flavors from your beans. Remember, using the wrong grind size can lead to over or under-extracted coffee, affecting the overall taste of your cup. So, next time you're brewing your favorite cup of joe, pay attention to the grind size – because perfect grounds equal great coffee.

The Definitive Guide to Finding the Ultimate Coffee Grinder: Unveiling the Wirecutter Favorites
The Definitive Guide to Finding the Ultimate Coffee Grinder: Unveiling the Wirecutter Favorites

Discover the unrivaled world of coffee grinding as we unveil the Wirecutter Favorites, guiding you towards finding the ultimate coffee grinder. Gain comprehensive insights, expert recommendations, and insider tips to elevate your coffee game to astonishing new heights. Unleash the true potential of your beans and embark on a flavor-packed journey like no other. Don't settle for anything less than perfection – let the ultimate coffee grinder be your key to unlocking the unparalleled richness and aroma of every brew.

Posted: 2023-11-23 07:07:01
The Ultimate Guide to Finding the Best Coffee Maker with Grinder: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Top Picks
The Ultimate Guide to Finding the Best Coffee Maker with Grinder: Advantages, Disadvantages, and Top Picks

Looking for the perfect coffee maker with grinder? Discover the ultimate guide to find the best one for you! We'll explore the advantages and disadvantages, along with our top picks, to help you make that perfect brew. Click here now!

Posted: 2023-11-23 03:12:45
Choosing the Perfect Single Cup Coffee Maker with Integrated Grinder: Features, Comparison, and Pros and Cons.
Choosing the Perfect Single Cup Coffee Maker with Integrated Grinder: Features, Comparison, and Pros and Cons.

Looking for the ultimate coffee experience? Discover the best single cup coffee makers with integrated grinders! Our comprehensive guide explores top-notch features, a detailed comparison, and even highlights the pros and cons. Elevate your mornings with the perfect brew in every cup. Click here now!

Posted: 2023-11-23 03:12:12
The Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Best Grinder for Pour Over: Top Burr Coffee Grinders of 2022
The Ultimate Guide to Choosing the Best Grinder for Pour Over: Top Burr Coffee Grinders of 2022

Discover the top burr coffee grinders of 2022 in our ultimate guide to choosing the best grinder for pour over. Elevate your coffee experience and achieve perfection with these expert-recommended options.

Posted: 2023-11-22 02:23:13
Showing page 1 of 12

Vycoffee is a coffee-themed website. You can find all the secrets related to this drink. Create value for users, save time and effort.

Vycoffee - since 2022
3804 North Orange Blossom Trail E15, Orlando, Florida 32810, US

Contact us:
Facebook| |  Twitter | 
Phone: (407) 990-2229

Gen in 0.3562 secs