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Blue Mountain Coffee got a huge boost today as we all celebrated it in an annual festival held at Devon House.
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How many times a day should you drink coffee?
New research from the University of South Australia has found that drinking 6 or more cups of coffee a day not only cancels out the great benefits that coffee has to offer but also increases the risk of heart disease by 22%.
So you should only drink up to 5 cups of coffee a day, to receive the health benefits that coffee brings, without worrying about the risk of heart disease, according to Reader's Digest.
>>> See some more related articles: Caffeine’s effects on blood sugar and blood pressure, Coffee and Lemon Juice for Weight Loss, Best Coffee Maker Brands
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Sleep deprivation, according to Medical News Today, happens when a person gets less than the required amount they need to feel ‘awake and alert’. Long-term sleep deprivation can lead to both mental and physical complications. Many factors cause a person to be sleep deprived. These factors can be both intentional and non-intentional.
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The area where Blue Mountain coffee is grown is high in the mountains. The mountains are 85% forest, which provides shade in which to grow the coffee. The altitude, forest cover and climate provide the conditions for growing the best coffee in the world. All Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is grown from the Arabica species of coffee.
Rising 7,402 feet above the sea, Blue Mountain Peak is the highest spot in Jamaica, and the fifth highest mountain in the Caribbean. The mists and lush vegetation give the peak and the surrounding Blue Mountains a greenish blue tinge. These mountains rise up above Kingston and dominate the eastern part of Jamaica. It is in these mountains, within an area legally proscribed by the Jamaican government, that the world’s best, and best known, single origin coffee grows.
In the world of wine terroir rules. But in the world of coffee few coffee drinkers have tasted any estate or single origin coffee. The vast majority of coffee consumed is blended from commodity grade coffee. A lucky few have tried Jamaican Blue Mountain or Hawaiian Kona coffee and know that the coffee’s origin makes a difference.
So what makes Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee so great? There are many factors, but it is important to be sure you are getting an authentic, unblended, Blue Mountain coffee. 100% Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee is exported by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica. They ensure what is called Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee actually comes from the legally designated growing area. The Board's professionals also inspect each barrel for quality, checking the bean size and color. Experienced professional tasters roast small samples and “cup” the coffee to ensure it was properly processed and has the aroma and taste that define Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee.
But it is the unique location and microclimate that makes the coffee great. The area where Blue Mountain coffee is grown is high in the mountains. The mountains are 85% forest, which provides shade in which to grow the coffee. The altitude, forest cover and climate provide the conditions for growing the best coffee in the world.
All Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is grown from the Arabica species of coffee. Almost all is from the Arabica Typica subspecies of coffee. Many of these trees are descendants from the original trees Governor Lawes imported from Martinique, where coffee was first introduced into the Caribbean. There are some new varietals that planters are starting to experiment with, but Arabica Typica is far and away the most planted coffee tree.
Elevation is critical. To be certified Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee it must be cultivated at an elevation between 1,800 and 5,500 feet (the higher elevations are all national forests now). It is well established that altitude makes a significant difference in the quality of coffee, with higher altitudes producing a denser bean, which translates into a richer cup of coffee.
The climate in the Jamaica Blue Mountains is cooler than the rest of Jamaica. The Jamaica Blue Mountains are located on the Eastern end of Jamaica, exposing them to the moisture laden North East Trade Winds. These hit the coast and rise up into the mountains, generating significant cloud cover and mist as they hit the cooler air of the higher elevations. The reduced sunlight due to the cloud cover slows down the development of the coffee cherry. The long maturation has a very positive effect on the aroma and taste of the coffee produced from these trees.
Jamaica has some of the richest and most productive soil in the Caribbean, but not in the Blue Mountains. The soil there is derived from both metamorphic and igneous rocks and is quite porous and prone to leaching. It is low in many nutrients, especially phosphorus and nitrogen. The coffee trees grow slowly and the production is lower than in other coffee producing areas of Jamaica and the world. Exactly what factors in the soil contribute to the exceptional taste of Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee are not known exactly, but perhaps a certain amount of stress contributes to better coffee. After all, the best wines come from vines grown in difficult conditions as well.
All these factors combine to create a very rich, smooth, cup of coffee that is exceptionally well-balanced and is generally low in acidity. But, as one might expect, there are differences in the Jamaica Blue Mountain coffees from different producers. J. Martinez & Company is privileged to offer three distinct 100% Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffees, each from a different estate and, while they share the main characteristics of the Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee, they each have their own distinct flavor profile.
See why it tastes so good by ordering from our selection of Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffees.
Our 100 % certified Jamaica Blue Mountain® Roasted & Ground coffee provides you with the most convenient was to enjoy the World’s Best coffee – no machines... Shop Now What Our Customer Says About Us Kayla L Your product is wonderful. I have had it in the past, but now it tasted better. It is the best. Henry D Excellent! Exotic taste! Smooth!
BLUE MOUNTAIN COFFEE HOUSE …Exclusively Authentic and Naturally the Best The Blue Mountain Coffee is incomparable to any other coffee bean. It is harvested, roasted, and transported from the highest peaks of Blue Mountain in Jamaica, as well as our family owned plantation, which is then directly shipped to our local coffee house.
Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee is among the world’s most sought after gourmet products, protected by closely guarded certification standards and the traditions of an historic industry in Jamaica. As a modern producer and processor, Blue Mountain Best combines community-focused sourcing with large-scale partnered cultivation to advance the traditional market and …
Blue Mountain Best is a commercial producer and processor of Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee, supporting sustainability and direct trade in the luxury market through modern coffee cultivation and community-focused partnerships with small family farms.
Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee is among the world’s most sought after gourmet products, protected by closely guarded certification standards and the traditions of an historic industry in Jamaica. As a modern producer and processor, Blue Mountain Best combines community-focused sourcing with large-scale partnered cultivation to advance the traditional market and its farmers, lead agricultural updates to stabilize production, and bring fair, direct trade to Blue Mountain coffee.
Small farmers are the backbone of Jamaican coffee. We champion equitable outgrower partnerships to expand supply and connect family farms to the global market.
As a single-estate producer, Blue Mountain Best sells directly to buyers and roasters around the world, supporting fair and transparent trade from harvest to export.
We promote sustainable and equitable farming by investing in local growers, advancing modern agriculture on our estate, and innovating farm syndication to stabilize the market.
An exclusive region, strict standards and scarce production keeps Blue Mountain coffee rare and sought after.
New models of coffee cultivation are bringing global investment, direct trade and sustainable standards to Jamaica.
An exclusive region, strict certification standards, and scarce production keep Blue Mountain coffee rare, sought after and valuable.
Kauai coffee is 100% Hawaiian coffee. Popular blends include Peaberry coffee and Blue Mountain coffee.
Our artisan-roasted coffees range from mild and relaxed to dark and robust to suit your coffee mood.
These specialty, artisan roasted coffees are the culmination of work from over three different harvest seasons, producing coffees that have never been offered before from Kauai Coffee®. The crafting of these coffees takes into account different fermentation methods, varietals and drying methods. Each one carries unique tasting notes and are only available for a limited time.
All decaffeinated Kauai Coffee® products use the Swiss Water Process, which was introduced in Switzerland in the 1930’s. This process relies on caffeine solubility (dissolvability) and osmosis to remove caffeine from green coffee beans, without the use of chemicals. Our Swiss water decaf coffee is up to 99.9% caffeine-free.
Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is a globally protected certification mark meaning that only coffee certified by JACRA can be labelled as such. It comes from a statutorily recognized growing region in the Blue Mountain area of Jamaica. The Blue Mountains are located between Kingston to the south and Port Maria and Port Antonio to the north.
Jamaica Blue Mountain is the king of gourmet exotic coffees and, following the merger of Blue Mountain Coffee (Europe) Limited and the Edmonds Group, the new company, Blue Mountain Coffee Group Limited (BMG) is able to offer the widest range of Jamaica Blue Mountain estates and producers in Europe; from the well-known Clydesdale brand to our portfolio of Estates – Blue Baron, Cinchona, Flamstead, St. Clouds and Stoneleigh, plus the uniquely Rainforest Alliance certified Clifton Mount Estate.
Full details of our processor producers and portfolio of single estates provided on request.
BMG in fact represents the amalgamation, based on proven pedigree, of the two longest Jamaica coffee industry serving entities in Europe with deep and decades-established roots in Jamaica where we have farming and processing joint-venture investment arrangements with our Jamaican partners.
Our philosophy is based on the highest product quality and social, ethical and environmental responsibility working closely with our Jamaican partners.
We deliver the coffee to our customers applying the just in time principle to provide for the quickest possible delivery times from stocks held in our European depots.
This service is offered to large, medium and micro roasters either directly or through our regional distributors.
Available quantities of Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee are not large but we are working with our Jamaican partners, and with our European distributors, to ensure that regular customers are always in-stock.
To this end, we hold our principal stock in Antwerp (Katoen Natie) and Abingdon in the United Kingdom with subsidiary stocks in Hamburg, Barcelona and Trieste, managed by our distribution partners. We have a programme of regular topping-up and replacementfrom Jamaica in place.
Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee can claim its origins from a decision taken by a French King in the 18th Century. In 1723, King Louis XV sent three coffee plants to the French colony of Martinique - another lush, fertile island 1,900 kilometres south-west of Jamaica. Five years later in 1728, Sir Nicholas Lawes, Governor of Jamaica, received a gift of one coffee plant from the Governor of Martinique. The rest is history.
From that one Arabica coffee plant, an exquisite coffee was introduced to the world. This one plant was nurtured and a plantation grown. Within nine years, the first coffee was exported and the Jamaican coffee industry was born..
Arabica coffee loves the nitrogen and phosphorus-rich soil of Jamaica and nowhere else better than the steep elevations of the Blue Mountains. Located north of Kingston on the eastern side of the island, the Blue Mountains rise to elevations of 2,350 metres. The bean cultivated is mostly Arabica Typica.
The coffee thrives in the fertile, volcanic soil, regular rainfall and, most importantly, under the island’s misty cloud cover, to shade it from the burning sun. All these factors combine to develop coffee with exceptional sweetness and aroma, rich flavour, and full body with mild acidity.
To be called Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee, it must be grown at altitudes of up to 1,800 metres in the Parishes of Portland, St Andrew, St. Mary and St Thomas; comprising an area of some 6,000 hectares – the size of a large estate in one of the high volume coffee-growing countries. Coffee farming in the Blue Mountains is characterised by mostly small holdings of up to 4 hectares but there are larger estates of up to 70 hectares in size. There are around 15,000 small holders and estates in total.
The result is what many regard as the best coffee in the world and the “Champagne of Coffees”. Like France’s ‘Appellation D’Origine Contrôlée Champagne’, which strictly controls where authentic Champagne grapes may be grown, the area where Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee plants are cultivated, is also strictly controlled.
Indeed, the area is relatively small and exportable annual production varying between 400 metric tons & 1,000 metric tonnes is tiny by world standards, equivalent to 0.1 % of Colombian production or, put another way, equivalent to 3 hours of Colombian production!
Highlighting its scarcity and exclusivity is the fact that Jamaica Blue Mountain is virtually the only coffee in the world to be packed in iconic wooden barrels, instead of bags.
Returning to the coffee’s history, Jamaica became a leader in coffee and the largest producer in the world between 1800 and 1840, with production reaching 70,000 tons per year. In 1838, slavery was abolished and many coffee plantations were closed down to make room for newly freed slaves who began planting food crops for themselves. By the 1890s, the Jamaican coffee industry was in chaos and the government passed legislation to provide “instruction in the art of cultivation and curing by sending certain districts, competent instructors”.
Quality control was a challenge for the next fifty years, with some improvements in the early forties, and then two events occurred. The first, in 1944, was the decision by the Jamaican government to establish a Central Clearing Coffee operation where all coffee for export had to be processed. The second was the creation of the Jamaican Coffee Industry Board (or the JCIB) in 1950 empowered to improve, control and maintain the quality and reputation of Jamaican coffee. The JCIB was recently amalgamated in 2018 with other Jamaican commodity statutory bodies to form JACRA (Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Regulatory Authority).
As influential as ever, every barrel of coffee must go through JACRA for quality control where the green coffee is rigorously inspected before it is exported. This can take time and cause delays, but quality is paramount and strictly controlled, ensuring that all Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee leaving Jamaica is of the highest quality. Furthermore, JACRA sets strict standards for the growing, harvesting, processing and marketing of the coffee, making sure that the end result is always an excellent cup of coffee.
Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is a globally protected certification mark meaning that only coffee certified by JACRA can be labelled as such. It comes from a statutorily recognized growing region in the Blue Mountain area of Jamaica.
The Blue Mountains are located between Kingston to the south and Port Maria and Port Antonio to the north. The coffee is grown in the Blue Mountain region in the eastern part of the Island. Rising to 2,350 metres, the Blue Mountains are some of the highest mountains in the Caribbean. The climate of the region is cool and misty with high rainfall. The soil is rich with excellent drainage. This combination of climate and soil is considered ideal for coffee.
The Coffee Industry Regulation Act in Jamaica specifies what coffee-growing areas may use the label ‘Blue Mountain’. Additionally, it restricts the use of the Blue Mountain trademark to those authorized by JACRA. Coffee harvested from the parishes of Saint Andrew, Saint Thomas, Portland and Saint Mary may be considered Blue Mountain coffee. Additionally, only coffee grown up to 1,800 metres may be called Jamaica Blue Mountain.
Most land in Jamaica above 1,800 metres is a forest preserve, so no coffee is grown there. Jamaica High Mountain Supreme and Prime Washed are grown in different areas to the Jamaica Blue Mountains towards the west of the island.
- Starting at Skibo and proceeding in an east-south-easterly direction to Swift River;
- thence east-south-easterly to Chelsea;
- thence east-south-easterly to Durham (Samba Hill);
- thence south-easterly to Belleview;
- thence south-easterly along the western slope of the John Crow Mountain to Cedar Grove;
- thence westerly to Font Hill;
- thence north-westerly to Ramble;
- thence westerly to Good Hope;
- thence north-westerly to Dallas;
- thence north-westerly to Industry Village;
- thence north-westerly to Maryland;
- thence north-westerly to Golden Spring;
- thence northerly to Brandon Hill;
- thence north-easterly to Tranquility;
- thence east-north-easterly to Skibo.
The Jamaica Blue Mountain bean is mostly Arabica Typica. The cherries are mainly delivered to the various producer-processor buying stations scattered around the Blue Mountains where they are subjected to float testing in specially built tanks. The larger farms & estates deliver the cherries directly to the processors' pulperies. The licensed estates have their own pulperies & finishing works.
Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is wet processed - normally by employing aqua pulpers (mucilage removal), although in a few limited cases, the operation is undertaken by the traditional fermentation method.
The green coffee, exportable in barrels, comes in three screen size classifications covering the classic Blue Mountain flatberry coffee. Additionally, small quantities of peaberry are available in barrels. The green beans from the strict Blue Mountain area are inspected by the statutorily based Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Regulatory Authority (JACRA, formerly the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica (CIB)), which handles, tests and arranges all the logistical side of exports. If the beans have too high a defect count or do not qualify in terms of size, shape, moisture content (max.12.5%), colour or cup any such non qualifying beans are categorised as Select.
Jamaica has (early 2008) signed a multilateral agreement sponsored by the Japanese concerning testing for pesticide and chemical agent residues to a standard significantly beyond the international phytosanitary levels requested by either the European Union or other European countries. All green coffees exported from Jamaica, including those to Europe, are now being tested to this higher standard.
Certain qualities of Select are allowed to be exported in bags as Jamaica Blue Mountain to such markets as Japan. The other rejected coffees enter the domestic roaster market for local consumption, including the tourist sector, as well as for export as roast Jamaica Blue Mountain. Coffee grown in other areas, mainly outside the Blue Mountains, may also be exported, albeit in limited quantities, and fall into two main classifications: High Mountain Supreme and Prime Washed Jamaican. These may not be called or employed as Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee.
- 69.85kg (154lbs)
- 30kg (66lbs)
- 15kg (33lbs)
The barrels are sealed, ICO-marked with a unique number shown on the documents including the all-important Certificate of Origin. Additionally, the shipping marks of the registered exporter and official importer are stencilled on to the barrels of each shipping lot.
There are three sizes of Jamaica Blue Mountain flatberry:
- Grade or Size 1 (screen 17 )- Grade or Size 2 (screen 16)
- Grade or Size 3 (screen 15/16)
The tare weights and dimensions of the empty barrels are:
Small-size Barrel (15kg net weight green bean):Tare = 3.20kgCircumference at Head = 93.50cmDiameter at Head = 30.00cmCircumference at Middle = 105.50cm
Height = 37.00cm.
Medium-size Barrel (30kg net weight green bean):
Tare = 4.50kg
Circumference at Head = 114.50cm
Diameter at Head = 36.00cm,
Circumference at Middle = 128.50cm
Height = 45.50cm
Large-size Barrel (69.85 kg net weight green bean):
Tare = 7.30kg
Circumference at Head = 143.00cm
Diameter at Head = 45.80cm
Circumference at Middle = 164.00cm
Height = 61.00cm
- 40 x 15kg barrels per pallet
- 21 x 30kg barrels per pallet
- 8 x 70kg barrels per pallet
1. The Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is stored in parchment, sometimes in bags & sometimes in wooden silos, before processing.
2.The coffee is dried by a combination of sun drying and mechanical drying. The parchment coffee is then stored in bags for at least 8 weeks and, after this resting period, the parchment is hulled. The resulting green coffee is graded by size and density, and the defects are hand-sorted. The coffee is finally packed in wooden barrels (70kg, 30kg, 15kg as described above).
3. The screen size grading equipment and the gravity table (classification by density) also clean the coffee. Later on, to repeat, the defects are picked out by hand.
4. The Grade 1 coffee is sieved to a screen 17 (17/64 inches or 6.75mm) size with size grading equipment.
5. The bean humidity is 10.5-11.5%
6. Maximum defects allowed is 2%.
Description of Select
JBM Select Coffee is produced in the Jamaican government-designated area known as the Blue Mountain region. The Jamaica Blue Mountain Select grade is a combination of No. 1, No. 2 & No. 3 beans. As its provenance states, this is a coffee that has all the Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee cup quality characteristics and is packed green in 60kg net weight hessian/jute bags.
Maximum of 4% minor defects. Screen size from 15-18.
The normal location-sourcing split for JBM Select is:
Saint Andrew: 40%
Saint Thomas: 30%
From the respected Coffee Review by Kenneth Davids:
Blind Assessment: Sweet-toned, soft, very delicate aroma with orange, floral and pungently buttery (butterscotch?) notes. In the cup light to medium bodied but silky in mouthfeel, with a gently bittersweet character and crisp chocolate and orange peel notes. As the cup cools an attractive mint-like note also emerges. The chocolate and orange notes linger impressively in the long, clean finish.
The coffee is currently not certified under any form of "Fair Trade" label but two estates, including our Clifton Mount Estate which is the only such certified coffee going to Europe, have secured Rainforest Alliance certification.
However, in the case of the independent farmers and smallholders, where the workforce is almost entirely family and neighbour based, the licensed estates & processors operate a pricing regime combined with a pre-funding and balancing payment mechanism which categorically favours the smallholder farmer. This operation has anticipated much which has subsequently become fashionable elsewhere. The processors, supported in part by JACRA, supply thorough extension services and support to the farmers covering fertilisers, etc. and, when and where necessary, spraying.
JACRA has operated an insurance scheme to assist farmers in time of hurricanes and other catastrophes.
In the case of the larger farms which sell to the processors & the independently licensed estates, the workers are paid and employed under conditions regulated by strict Jamaican labour legislation.
In this regard, wage and benefit levels are significantly higher than the regional norms. The workers tend to come from neighbouring communities and, in most cases, accommodation, recreation, educational, shaded, sanitary & medical facilities are near to hand.
Few of the farms are isolated in this regard and have a reasonable and accessible infrastructure. The workers at the processing, sorting and warehousing facilities are provided with similarly well-adjusted wages and conditions as well as training.
The coffee is grown under naturally shaded and fauna-friendly conditions on vertiginous slopes. As the coffee is wet-processed, all the waste water resulting from the coffee processing is fully treated and purified before being released into the environment. Composting and waste mucilage recycling are becoming the norm.
Although Jamaican coffee is not in the main certified as organic, nevertheless, a very discretionary and circumspect use of fertilisers, pesticides and fungicides is the rule. However, because of the high contingent value of the crop, JACRA and the individual farmers could not undertake never to employ these agents.
Soil erosion management practices are energetically pursued. All coffees can easily be traced back to the processor & estate and a Certificate of Origin is issued with each batch. However, only in the case of the estates, which are licensed to export, can the coffee be traced back to a relatively few hectares of land.
Nonetheless, it should be remembered that the total area of production is only around 6,000 hectares, the size of a large Brazilian fazenda. With a yield in a prolific year of around 1,000 metric tons of green beans - this consideration alone guarantees traceability.
JACRA (formerly the Coffee Industry Board) has, over the past several years, conducted a worldwide campaign to ensure that the name Jamaica Blue Mountain is neither abused nor misrepresented. It has registered the JBM name, together with variations of the name and associated names, in most countries. It has issued directions and guidelines on packaging labelling concerning the use of the JBM name, full details such as addresses, description, coffee preparation directions, expiry date and batch number, etc. The estates & processors have or are doing the same in order to protect their names.
27-01-2022 · This Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee medium roast is exceptional for its great taste and natural aromas. It is loaded with antioxidants, nutrients, minerals, and vitamins. It’s smooth and tasty without having to add anything else! What could be better? Really nice and smooth on a weaker brew, but quite strong and intense on a full flavor brew.
It’s well known throughout the world that the Jamaica Blue Mountains have the highest quality of coffee beans known to mankind. People from all over the world search to find the perfect cup of coffee, and that is exactly what we intended to do. We wanted to see if all the hype was worth it, and now we know – it’s the best coffee in the world! Besides, who doesn’t love a great-tasting cup of coffee!
Features to consider before you buy Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee
Do you want to grind your own Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Beans yourself, or do you prefer the grounded beans or the coffee pods? Fresh ground coffee beans are probably the most authentic way to enjoy all the flavors of the roasted beans. The Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee Blend has a full-flavored richness that leaves your mouth watering for more. But if you’re looking for more of a fruity, freshly roasted cup of coffee – try the Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee by Volcanica.
If keeping it simpler is your idea of the perfect morning, then grounded coffee is definitely the way to go! Try Cameron’s Coffee Roasted Ground Coffee or Coffee Traders Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee for a nice smooth, full-bodied experience. Then of course, there are always some great choices in the coffee pods, such as Cameron’s Coffee Jamaica Blue Mountain Pods or San Francisco Bay Jamaican Blue Mountain Blend – either one offers the simplicity of the perfect brewed cup each time.
What do you prefer – mild, medium, bold or deep roasted coffee beans? The Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee beans are not just noted for their intense or mild flavor, but the best part of these roasts is the lack of bitterness. Over the past few decades, the sourced beans from this region have developed a serious reputation that has made them one of the most desired and sought-after coffee beans in the entire world! If you want to experience full-bodied and creamy texture – try Coffee Traders Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee.
A coffee blend is simply achieved by mixing two or more different origins of coffee beans together, ideally blending the best qualities of each origin to create an excellent cup of coffee that is smooth and of course, well-balanced. Some believe that blends are not as overpowering as the single origins, which is a preference for people who don’t enjoy a strong coffee.
To grind or not to grind, that is the question! There are a lot of things to take into consideration when deciding whether you should start grinding your own coffee beans, some coffee connoisseurs would say it’s the only way to make coffee – where some of us average coffee drinkers would agree that convenience is a major factor in our decision. Basically, it all comes down to one very important aspect – personal preferences such as time and patience. If you are always on the go, you might not have the time to spend grinding coffee beans before heading out, and that’s okay; we got you covered with Cameron’s Roasted Ground Coffee – it delivers a medium-dark roast with delicate spices and a full-bodied complex flavor.
These different varieties will vary in weight from ounces up to two pounds of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee Beans because of the packaging. But what really should be your main concern when looking at the weight is how much you will consume within a few weeks or months.
All of the coffee beans are produced and sourced in the Jamaica Blue Mountains, the most desirable place in the world for handpicking coffee beans! In fact, this is mainly because Jamaica’s Blue Mountain range offers the perfect climate to produce these incredible coffee beans. Arabica beans do very well with constant cloud coverage, extremely high altitudes, and volcanic soil with good drainage – exactly what the Jamaica Blue Mountains offer.
Caffeine is known for helping people wake up and giving some extra energy when needed throughout the day. Did you know that many of the nutrients in coffee beans actually make their way into your finished cup of brew? Yep, it’s true! In fact, coffee contains several important nutrients, including riboflavin, pantothenic acid, manganese, potassium, magnesium, and niacin.
If you are concerned about the caffeine content, then we highly suggest you check with the manufacturer before purchasing. There is a lot to take into consideration when choosing the perfect Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee beans for yourself and your loved ones, so please don’t hesitate to check the packaging and or consider contacting the manufacturer. If you have any pre-existing conditions or are concerned about ingesting caffeine, please contact your doctor and discuss what is best for you and your health.
28-10-2020 · Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is a certification mark issued by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica, a regulatory body that controls all stages of coffee production, only certifying the batches that fully comply with its high standards of quality. These parameters cover the …
Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee or just Blue Mountain Coffee is one of the most exotic in the world. As such, it's definitely considered expensive coffee. But why is it globally celebrated as a rare caffeinated gem and is it worth shelling out the extra money to buy it? Admittedly, the second part of that question is kind of loaded since it’s really going to depend on each individual's taste profile and budget. To really get a better understanding of Blue Mountain coffee beans it’s necessary to begin at its origins.
Skip to Best Blue Mountain Coffee
If you don't feel like reading all the details, grab yourself a bag of Blue Mountain Coffee from Out of the Grey. You will definitely thank us later for it!
The Scoop on Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee
Coffee was introduced in Jamaica in 1728 by its then Governor, Sir Nicholas Lawes. Starting in the central mountain system of the island, the cultivation of this already very lucrative crop expanded and eventually reached the country’s longest range: the Blue Mountains of Jamaica. Along this range is the country's highest peak known as Blue Mountain Peak reaching above 7,400 feet above sea level.
The Blue Mountain range is blessed with a climate ideal for coffee growing with its year-long mild temperatures, abundant rainfall, rich soil and almost perpetual mists that give this mountain range the bluish color from which its name is derived. The combination of all these factors creates a “perfect storm” for producing a fantastically unique coffee bean that has captivated the world by….”storm”.
Note: All Blue Mountain Coffee is grown from the Arabica species of coffee. Arabica coffee is typically more flavorful, sweeter, and of higher quality that its brother the Robusta coffee bean.
Blue Mountain Coffee Certifications
Today, Blue Mountain coffee is more than just a type of coffee or an indication of origin. Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is a certification mark issued by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica, a regulatory body that controls all stages of coffee production, only certifying the batches that fully comply with its high standards of quality. These parameters cover the gamut. From manually verifying the absence of defects in the beans to tracking the specific elevations in which they were grown, the standards are rigorous to say the least. For example, Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee must come from only four specific parishes: Portland, St. Andrew, St. Thomas, and St. Mary. Blue Mountain coffee has to be grown between 3000 feet (914 meters) and 5500 feet (1676 meters). Coffee grown at lower elevation is called “High Mountain” as opposed to “Blue Mountain”.
Naturally, the best Blue Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee will meet the criteria listed above.
Many people wonder what the difference between High Mountain coffee and Blue Mountain coffee is. The answer: the elevation at which the coffee is grown. Different elevations produce different qualities of flavors. While many enjoy the flavor of High Mountain coffee, it simply doesn’t compare to the robustness and refined flavor of Blue Mountain coffee. It’s known to have a nuttier and bolder flavor that most other coffees.
Recommended Best Blue Mountain Coffee
Having said all this, it's worth mentioning that not all Blue Mountain coffee products are created equal. When buying even the best of Blue Mountain coffee, make sure to note the label to see how much of the coffee was actually made with real Blue Mountain coffee beans. If it's a Blue Mountain blend, chances are it won't be 100% Blue Mountain coffee. For the record, there's nothing wrong with blends if that's what you are going for. But if you're looking for the real Blue Mountain experience, make sure it's 100%.
Out of the Grey Blue Mountain Coffee
For a full experience with this exotic coffee, we suggest Out of the Grey Coffee's Jamaica Blue Mountain. Here's why. Their coffee is 100% organic and we have yet to try something from them that hasn't exceeded our expectations. It's a single origin coffee which means all the beans came from the same area as opposed to blends which mix beans from different geographic locations. Out of the Grey Coffee uses Blue Mountain beans that are fully certified by the Coffee Industry Board of Jamaica. If you're looking to enter the world of real deal Blue Mountain coffee, you can't go wrong with Out of the Grey Coffee.
Tasting Notes: Rich chocolaty brownie experience that just keeps lingering, perfect acidity & creamy, fluffy, intense mouthfeel. Full bodied.
Buy Out of the Grey Blue Mountain
Volcanica Peaberry Blue Mountain Coffee
Another option we recommend is Volcanica Blue Mountain Coffee which is regarded as another top coffee brand when it comes to exotic brews. What makes them so unique is that they offer a few of different 100% Blue Mountain coffee options. I recently had the opportunity to try Volcanica Blue Mountain Peaberry coffee which had an incredibly unique and enjoyable sweetness to it. For those who may not know, Peaberry is a rare coffee bean that comprises only 3-5% of harvests. Peaberry coffee beans have one cherry instead of two, resulting in a sweeter flavor. It's often regarded as one of the best tasting coffee beans in the world. Volcanica Peaberry is an excellent choice for anyone looking to experience the best in Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee. For more information, check out our Volcanica Blue Mountain coffee review.
Tasting Notes: floral, chocolate, creamy, smooth
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How is Blue Mountain Coffee Processed
Blue Mountain is a wet processed (washed) coffee: that is, coffee cherries are sorted by immersion in water: spoiled, green (unripe) or black (overripe) fruit will float, while the cherries in the ideal state of maturation will sink. This process is carried out in the same day of the harvest. After this, the pulp, as well as the mucilage, are removed before drying the beans in the sun. This is a necessary process to reduce the moisture in the beans to 11.5%, after which they are aged for up to 8 weeks. They are then graded for size and milled in order to remove the “parchment” and “silverskins”.
In considering all the factors that go into the growth and processing of this specialized coffee, Jamaican Blue Mountain coffee produces a flavor that's truly unique. It's rich and delicately acidic, with an unusual floral and fruity touch counterbalanced by nutty and chocolate undertones. Very balanced, it’s practically free of bitterness. Together with being one of the best coffees in the world, its scarce annual production and popularity in some very strong markets – about 80% is exported to Japan – causes prices to reach high levels. But particularly in the coffee world, I find that you tend to get what you pay for.
Hopefully, this article has given you a deeper look into the exotic world of Blue Mountain coffee. Like Kona Coffee, it has captivated the treasured senses of coffee lovers around the world and for very good reason. Sure, it costs more than other coffees. But if you're a coffee lover that appreciates coffee perfection, the right Blue Mountain coffee is worth every penny.
- Avoid blends if your budget allows it
- Stick with the real thing and buy 100% authentic Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee
- Make sure that the coffee has proper certifications so you know you aren't buying fake blue mountain coffee
Related Article: Discover more exotic coffee flavors by checking out our top exotic coffees of 2020 guide.
20-10-2021 · Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is also a washed or wet processed coffee. This keeps the cup profile light. Cherries are pulped at communal stations in the region, although some of the licensed estates have their own processing equipment.
Jamaica Blue Mountain (JBM) coffee has been around for a long time. In fact, Jamaica’s coffee farms can actually be traced back with one coffee plant of three that were initially brought to the French Caribbean island of Martinique, on the orders of King Louis XV of France.
More recently, JBM has established a reputation as a “gourmet” coffee origin with a unique flavour. However, as a consequence, there have been a fair number of imitators trying to profit from its high price tag, somewhat limited availability, and desirable taste. In response, the industry has adopted a tough stance to stamp out the counterfeiters and prevent the use of the JBM name on illegitimate products.
But what exactly is JBM coffee? What makes it unique? And what is its relationship with the modern specialty coffee sector? To learn more, I spoke to two people who work with it. Read on to find out what they said.
You might also like our article on automation in coffee roasting.
First and foremost, it’s important to point out that not all Jamaican-grown coffees are classified as Jamaica Blue Mountain by default. This label is reserved for coffees grown in a particular region and at a particular altitude.
The region is actually a designated 6,000ha area of Jamaica’s Blue Mountain range, located on the east of the island. The size of this JBM coffee growing area is exclusively determined by the Coffee Industry Regulation Act in Jamaica.
Furthermore, not only is JBM coffee grown in its own unique region – it also has its own variety. The region grows arabica coffee, including a unique mutation of the Typica heirloom cultivar, also (confusingly) known as Jamaica Blue Mountain.
Courtney Bramwell is the CEO of Sherwood Forest Coffee Estate in Jamaica, where his family produces and processes JBM coffee.
“The coffee variety is a Typica cultivar,” Courtney says. “That said, other varieties can be found, such as Geisha, across the mountains.”
This is especially significant at a time where many farmers are rapidly replacing the low-yield Typica variety. Newer varieties might boast higher yields and better resistance to pests and disease, but despite this, producers in the Blue Mountain region continue to cultivate their unique variety.
However, while the JBM variety has adapted to its namesake region, it is known to thrive in other parts of the world, too. However, while they may be the same genetically, these non-Jamaican crops don’t share all the attributes that make the “original” so special.
Jason Flynn works in sales and marketing at the farmer-owned Trumpet Tree Coffee Factory, a producer and exporter of 100% single origin JBM coffee. He first encountered Jamaican coffee 17 years ago.
“Although it cannot adapt to all climates and maintain its high-quality flavour profile, the Blue Mountain variety is grown in Kenya, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Cameroon, and Haiti,” he says.
Finally, altitude is another crucial aspect of JBM production. To achieve the classification, coffee has to be grown at an elevation of over 3,000 feet (around 915 m.a.s.l.).
If it’s grown at an elevation of between 1,500 and 3,000 feet (approximately 460 to 915 m.a.s.l.), it receives a different classification: Jamaica High Mountain Supreme.
Let’s start with JBM coffee’s cup profile. It’s generally described as being “silky smooth”, “well balanced”, “full bodied”, “sweet and creamy”, and as having a mild taste overall. It’s also said to be chocolatey, with effectively no bitterness.
Before taking on coffee processing and production at Sherwood Forest Coffee Estate, Courtney tells me that he was an importer of JBM coffee for over a decade.
He says: “[JBM has] a unique flavour profile, distinguishable by a refined, mild, and creamy sweetness with no bitterness.”
Jason agrees, adding that he notices hints of sweet herbs, nuts, and chocolate.
“[JBM is a] rare and unique coffee with special attributes that make it stand out from the rest,” Jason says. “[It’s] the best coffee in the world, in my opinion.”
One of the key factors influencing its flavour are its unique growing conditions. The Blue Mountains feature some of the steepest terrain in the world; alongside this, Courtney says that the soil composition, cloud cover, and slow maturity rate all play a role.
“The high altitude coffee [is] most often shaded in a misty cloud cover,” he says. “This lowers the temperature and in turn slows maturation, giving a more complex flavour profile.”
Because of the steep terrain, almost all crop cultivation in the Blue Mountains is high-maintenance. In this extreme environment, coffee cherries need to be manually picked, which is exceptionally labour-intensive.
Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee is also a washed or wet processed coffee. This keeps the cup profile light. Cherries are pulped at communal stations in the region, although some of the licensed estates have their own processing equipment.
Jason explains that as a luxury, gourmet product, Jamaica Blue Mountain is marketed as a “rare and unique coffee”. Its signature trait in marketing is its distinct lack of bitterness.
Attempts to market the coffee also rely on its iconic handmade wooden barrels. While their utility is questionable when compared to hermetically sealed liners for classic 60kg bags, they are certainly unique.
Perhaps the most important factor in the marketing of Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee, however, is the trademark.
“Every barrel of JBM coffee that is exported comes with a certificate of authenticity issued by the Jamaica Agricultural Commodities Regulatory Authority (JACRA),” Jason says “This ensures that every barrel has been tested and passed, and meets all JBM standards.”
To verify the coffee’s quality, professionals inspect a sample for defects in size, shape, moisture content, colour, and cup. If successful, it earns the all-important trademark seal.
As a producer and exporter, Courtney says: “[In order] to market it as JBM coffee, the company behind it must be licensed and must [display] the JACRA seal and the words ‘Jamaica Blue Mountain Coffee’ with a trademark icon.”
JACRA – formerly the Jamaica Coffee Industry Board (CIB) – issues and monitors registered trademark licensing for exporters and those who intend to market under the JBM name. JACRA monitors all steps across the Jamaican coffee value chain, from nurseries and processing facilities to exporters and importers.
We’ve already talked about what JBM definitely is, but it’s also useful to understand what it’s not. For starters, it isn’t any of the following:
- Jamaica High Mountain Supreme: Jamaican-grown, but below the allowable altitude, and not necessarily in the Blue Mountain region.
- Blue Mountain Jamaica 100% Arabica or any other variant of Jamaican coffee: Jamaican-grown but not specifically JBM.
- Blue Mountain “blend”: May contain very small amounts of JBM.
- Blue Mountain “style”: May not contain any JBM at all, although roasted to a similar profile.
Aside from the familiar packaging and the trademark seal, one of the surest ways to guarantee a legitimate product is to buy from a reputable supplier. JACRA is the best starting point for connecting with certified dealers and producers.
Courtney adds: “[If] JBMC [is offered] at a price way below market rate as a ‘good deal’, you are almost guaranteed that it is not authentic JBM.”
However, in spite of JACRA’s best efforts, imitation products still appear. To counter this at producer and exporter level, Sherwood Forest Coffee Estate has started using a blockchain platform (“Verified and True”), to ensure that every step along the supply chain can be verified.
“We provide serialised QR codes with pins to end-user brands that will irrefutably prove authenticity,” Courtney says. “You want to have that guarantee when you spend money on a luxury product.”
With the emergence of specialty coffee culture in the past few years, people have changed their understanding of what is considered to be high-quality coffee. However, for a variety of reasons, JBM coffee is not always considered to be “specialty”, despite the fact that it has a cup score of above 80 points.
“JBM coffee was one of the first to be marketed as a specialty coffee as far back as the 1940s,” Jason says. “Over the years, the quality of coffee improved greatly in Central and South America and Africa, so the attention has shifted.
“JBM can and should be recognised as specialty coffee.”
Courtney, meanwhile, says that although JBM will always be in demand, the rise of third wave coffee culture and new marketing strategies have caused a shift.
“[Much like other origin countries], the Jamaican coffee industry, too, should embrace growth, innovation, and development,” he says. “I think the new generation of coffee farmers in Jamaica are more and more open to that.”
And, while he feels it’s sensible to use cup scorers and move into the specialty coffee market segment in major consuming countries, Courtney doesn’t believe it will necessarily result in more sales of Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee.
“The way most of our coffee from Sherwood is sold is through pre-order sampling, with our customers finding a batch that they are happy with,” he says. “Their Q graders are very skilled, and they know what they are looking for.
“The next step at Sherwood will be making a shift in how we provide traceability for such a high-end product, to ultimately connect the farmer to the end-user.”
Despite ongoing challenges with perceptions of “specialty” and imitation products, Jamaica Blue Mountain coffee continues to enjoy high demand and luxury good status around the world.
However, without the implementation of innovations like those at Sherwood Forest Coffee Estate, farmers and JACRA alike seem set to fall behind in terms of marketing and the third wave of coffee.
One thing, however, is for sure: Jamaica’s Blue Mountain region will continue to produce some of the most popular coffee in the world, regardless of the perceptions of third wave coffee drinkers.
Enjoyed this? Then try our article on choosing a roaster for your coffee shop.
Photo credits: Trumpet Tree Coffee Factory, Unsplash, Oubu Jamaica Blue Mountain
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Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is a totally protected certification sign concept. It comes from a recognized development site in the Jamaican Blue Mountains, and its cultivation is controlled by the Jamaica Coffee Industry Board. It is cultivated at 7,500 feet, perhaps the highest mountain elevation in the Caribbean.